10 Most Dangerous Predators in the World
Glimpse in the world of top 10 most dangerous predators on this planet
- Deadly Predators
- 1. Mosquito
- 2. Black Mamba
- 3. Scorpion
- 4. Lions
- 5. Nile Crocodile
- 6. Hippopotamus
- 7. Elephants
- 8. Killer bees
- 9. Shark
- 10. Box jelly fish
Dangerous predators have appeared on the face of this planet since the first organism developed. Predation is of utmost importance for the ecological system to maintain its balance. Predators use their unique skills for hunting. If we compile a list of the most deadly predators humans would certainly top the list. They have overpowered and hunted the most vicious and largest animals. Humans have even brought many species on the brink of their extinction.
Here is a list of the 10 most dangerous predators in the world:
A mosquito may seem to a mere common insect but it is one of the deadliest. Generally female of this species feed on animal or human blood. This helps the female mosquito to acquire proteins essential for the eggs. When the mosquito bites us they are likely to transmit fatal diseases to us such as yellow fever, dengue, malaria, etc.
The best way to protect from these life threatening diseases is to use mosquito repellents, window screens, and avoiding skin exposure in mosquito infected area.
Deaths per year: 2 million deaths are caused by mosquitoes per year
Location: They are found everywhere
Predators: The natural predators of mosquitoes are dragonfly nymph, mosquito fish, piranha, salmon, trout, etc.
2. Black Mamba
Black Mamba’s name itself is enough to instil fear in the heart of people. Mamba is one of the most poisonous snakes in the world. Even 10 mg of Black Mamba’s venom is enough to stop the heart of any man. It is not just the venom that makes it dangerous but also its aggressive nature. When it attacks it strikes again and again inserting almost 100mg of venom in its prey or attacker. The venom contains potent neurotoxins which can result in death with half an hour or in a few minutes itself.
Black Mambas are generally shy in nature and will not attack unless provoked. It is better to stay clear from their paths to avoid confrontation.
Location: You can find them east to south-east of Africa ranging from Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe to Botswana.
Predators: Humans and Predatory birds attack black mambas.
Scorpions have been around since 450 million years ago. There are approximately 1400 different species of scorpions and 50 of them are dangerous for humans. They are nocturnal creatures. The venom of these creatures has a very immediate effect. After being bitten by them you may suffer from fever, confusion, nausea, convulsions, coma, or even a heart failure. Venom is more lethal for people with allergic condition or for children. Scorpions are normally found in groups, so you need to be alert if you see even one scorpion. It is advisable to clean your house regularly and check your clothes, boots and crack in the house.
Deaths per year: 3250 deaths per year out of those 1000 are in Mexico alone.
Location: They are found almost everywhere. A great number of scorpions are found in the tropical regions.
Predators: Scorpions are prey to creatures such as tarantula, lizards, owls, bats and rodents. Humans also hunt scorpions and eat them as delicacies in countries like China.
Lions are among the massive cats on this planet. Lions generally do not hunt humans but when do turn into man eaters they can be the most terrifying predator. Researchers believe that as the natural habitat of these animals is taken over by humans these lions turn to hunting humans. Lions can be active any time of the day but are more likely to attack at night. Hence, you must not travel through lion dominated areas at night.
Deaths per year: On average 550 – 700 deaths per year.
Location: Lions mostly reside in Africa and India.
Predators: Lions are at the top of the food chain and so they have no natural predators except humans.
5. Nile Crocodile
This reptile is one of the most sprightly and ferocious predator. Nile crocodiles held huge importance in ancient Egypt. They were worshipped for protection, fertility and power. These crocodiles can grow up to 16 ft in length and weigh around 225kg. Humans living near crocodile habitat are prone to attacks from these huge animals. They are unable to differentiate between their preys. Hence, humans on the river banks are very likely to be attacked by the Nile crocodile.
Deaths per year: Nile crocodiles are responsible for around 275-745 deaths per year.
Locations: Nile crocodiles are widely distributed in the Nile River, Senegal River, Lake Chad and other parts of Africa.
Predators: These crocodiles are the king at the top of the food chain. Their only predators are humans.
Hippopotamus or ‘Hippos’ are one of the largest herbivorous animals. They weigh up to 3 tonnes. Hippos are found in groups of 15 to 30. Despite of its massive body it can easily outrun a man. They are very aggressive in nature. Hippos attack humans when they feel threatened. They are infamous for killing more humans than any other herbivore animal in Africa. The best thing to do is to keep your distance from them. If you are in a boat give them their space. Try not to lurk around thickets and bushes where a hippo may be present.
Deaths per year: Hippos kill on an average 33 humans in a day.
Locations: Hippos are located in the east, west and south parts of Africa.
Predators: Young hippos are easy prey for crocodiles, lions, hyenas and tigers. Their major predator is human.
Elephants are magnificent and largest mammals on Earth. They are revered in many Asian cultures. Generally elephants are loving animals. They do not attack humans for food as elephants are herbivore. They attack under stressed situations or if they sense a threat for their young ones. Some experts believe that an elephant attacking on human in captivity or zoos is due to its traumatic condition. These mammals are quite intelligent and highly sensitive. They have an extraordinary memory. It is contemplated that they attack as their habitat is decreasing in size due to humans and their herds destroyed.
Deaths per year: Elephants account for 200-300 killings on an annual basis.
Locations: Africa and Asia houses these massive creatures.
Predators: Young ones are sometimes preyed upon by lions. Elephants are hunted for their precious tusks by men.
8. Killer bees
‘Killer Bees’ is just another name for ‘Africanized Bees’. They are one of the most aggressive species of bees. They are hybrids of African and European bees. Killer bees are a result of an experiment conducted to create bees producing more honey and surviving the tropical climate. They somehow escaped from the lab in Brazil and spread north up the Central America to the southern parts of United States of America. Killer bees are very deadly as they attack in huge numbers and follow the person over a greater distance. Pets and humans with allergic tendencies are more susceptible to these bees’ attack.
Deaths per year: Approximately 50-60 deaths per year are attributed to these violent bees.
Locations: From the South America, Central America, Eastern Mexico to southern parts of United States of America.
Predators: Its predators consist of ants, armadillos, anteaters, honey badgers, bears and humans.
Sharks are among the intelligent fish dominating the underwater. They are the emperors of the ocean world. The Great White shark, Oceanic Whitetip, Tiger and Bull sharks are among the most ferocious species of shark. They are known to attack on humans unprovoked. The Great White shark is the most feared and has the highest number of records of attacks on humans. The shark normally attacks swimmers or surfers as it mistakes them for a seal. After the first bite though it realizes and loses its interest in the victim. Unfortunately a single bite from the sharks razor sharp teeth are enough to cause fatal damage to the victim. Some scientists believe that the reason for single bites is that shark first makes a major attack on its prey and then waits till the prey is weak. This gives the humans enough time to escape the next attack. In case it’s better if you avoid the shark infested waters.
Deaths per year: Sharks are responsible for 50 to 60 deaths annually.
Locations: Found in most oceans and seas.
Predators: Humans are the most deadly predators killing sharks for their valuable fins and meat.
10. Box jelly fish
Box jelly fish are well known for their poisonous venom. They are umbrella shaped rather than dome shaped like other jelly fish. This enables them to swim faster. The weirdest thing about them is that they have 24 eyes. Each tentacle has about half a million stinging mechanism to insert poison in the victim’s body. The poison affects the heart, nervous system and the skin. Sometimes victims don’t even manage to reach the shore in time. If you try to disengage yourself from the tentacles it only worsens the attack. The wise thing to do is to avoid box jelly fish locations.
Deaths per year: Box jellyfish are accounted for 20-40 deaths per annum.
Locations: These species are found in tropical waters of Indo-Pacific and sub-tropical
oceans of Atlantic and east Pacific.
Predators: Sea turtles, butterfish, batfish and crabs are among some of the predators of box jelly fish.
You may have noticed that most of these dangerous predators attack humans only when provoked. These attacks have been on the rise due to the encroachment of humans on their habitat. These animals are only using their natural defence mechanism. So let’s do all we can to give them their space. Live and let live!
Mosquito source wild_turkey5300 at Flickr
Black Mamba source kellyhogaboom at Flickr
Scorpion source Furryscaly at Flickr
Majestic Lion source Johan31000 at Flickr
Nile Crocodile source http2007 at Flickr
Hippo source Crazy Creatures at Flickr
African Elephant source Werner Vermaak at Flickr
Killer bee source J Pod at Flickr
Shark source djeems at Flickr
Lethal Box Jelly fish source OpenCage at Wikimedia