History Of The Roman Furniture
The expertise knowledge of the ancient Romans in the use of stones and marbles was an added advantage to the Roman furniture industry.
- The Pompeii and Herculaneum Civilization
- Stones and Marbles
- The Roman’s Furniture Configuration
The ancient Romans were among the early people that made and used furniture extensively in their homes. Some frescoes reveals at a glance that Roman furniture designs seems to have been based on Greek furniture basics. Most of the exquisite Roman furniture designs lend credence to strong Greek influence. Archeological findings and remnants at the ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum (cities buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD79 and excavated in modern times) provide evidences of the early production and use of furniture among the Romans.
The Pompeii and Herculaneum Civilization
Frescoes discovered at Pompeii illustrate different forms and designs of furniture which suggests the use of variety of furniture by the ancient Romans. A cupboard from the house of the Lararium is among the furniture that survived through the years in Herculaneum. Many of the richly adorned villas and the theater that have been uncovered had fine marble and bronze furniture, sculptures, paintings, and an extensive library of papyrus rolls. These treasures, together with many other objects such as vases and domestic implements, are displayed in the National Museum in Naples.
The close relationship between the ancient Greek and Roman furniture makes it difficult to recognize the origin of any particular item of furniture. For example, the cupboards on Roman frescoes are believed to be copies of Greek paintings. Every kind of furniture used by the Greeks were reproduced by the Romans and innovated to suit their taste.
Stones and Marbles
The expertise knowledge of the ancient Romans in the use of stones and marbles was an added advantage to the Roman furniture industry. Chairs, tables, couches and stools etc were carved from stones and marbles with beautiful decorations. Some of their furniture especially the chairs and tables were also made in the similitude of animals. Couches made of stones were kept at parks and open places for public relaxation. Examples indicate that the Romans made more marble and bronze furniture than Greeks did. The most intriguing and interesting fact was their ability to create more complex and sophisticated designs with stones and metals even though they followed the Greek principles of furniture methods and configurations.
The Roman’s Furniture Configuration
The ancient Romans increased the sizes of their tables in addition to the smaller patterns copied from the ancient Greek furniture. Larger rectangular and round tables were made and used by the Romans. Different patterns and forms of tables were made by the Romans including detachable and foldable tables. The minute detailed intricate and elegant inlays and designs of furniture with bronze, marble, ivory and wood of the ancient Romans are commendable and many of the exquisite furniture of today follow their architectural designs and decorations.