How to Survive an Earthquake
How to Survive an Earthquake.Read and learn is verry usefull.
How to Survive an Earthquake.Advice
– Remove the outstanding portion of the roof;
– Enhance overlap with wooden or steel beams;
– To interconnect flights of stairs;
– To strengthen the main wall;
– Strengthen the wall at the corners and put on the clamps partitions;
– Connect the beams holding the roof on the supporting wall;
– To make an audit of water supply, electricity, heating and gas supply.
If you received information about the possibility of an earthquake, it is advisable to undertake the following:
– Inspect your home in terms of seismic resistance;
– Attach the furniture to the walls;
– Find possible routes to go into hiding;
– Submit the plan for the evacuation of all family members;
– Take note of the places where it can cause a fire and keep away from them inflammable substances;
– Participate in the exercises, organized civil defense;
– Check the suitability of fire extinguishers, learn how to use them;
– Changed periodically supplies of food and drinking water, keep them ready;
– Always have the usual medications, except those that are in the medicine cabinet;
– Keep close to the door rescue backpack with a blanket, warm clothes, sleeping bag, flashlight with extra batteries, portable radios, sturdy footwear and drinking water and food in the box for 2-3 days.
How to behave during an earthquake?
When you are at home:
– Do not panic and stay calm, encouraging those present;
– Take cover under a sturdy table near the top of walls or columns, because the main risk comes from the fall of the interior walls, ceilings and chandeliers;
– Stay away from windows, appliances, pots on the fire, which must be immediately extinguished;
– Immediately extinguish any source of fire;
– Wake up and put on children to help take them to safety and the elderly;
– Use the phone only in exceptional cases, to call for help, send a message to law enforcement agencies, firefighters, civil defense;
– Always listen to information on the radio;
– Open the door in order to provide an outlet in case of need;
– Do not go out on a balcony;
– Do not use the elevator;
– Do not use matches, because there may be a risk of leakage of gas;
– Just finished the first series of aftershocks, leaving the house, but before I leave it (if it is intact), close the faucet, turn off gas and electricity;
– Bear necessities and values;
– Out of the home, leaning against the wall, especially if you have to go down the stairs;
– Close the door of the house;
– Collecting all the family members, as well as living nearby, to go to your nearest collection of people, preferably on foot, not on any vehicle;
– To avoid the narrow and cluttered than any of the streets.
When you are outdoors:
– Sent to space, as remote from buildings, power grids and other facilities;
– Closely monitor the eaves or walls that may fall, stay away from the towers, bells, water reservoirs;
– Move away from the disaster zone, if you can not do it – to find shelter under the portico entrance to the staircase;
– To monitor the dangerous items that may be on earth (live wires, glass, broken boards, etc.);
– Do not come close to the fire;
– No shelter near the dam, river valleys, sea beaches and lake shores – you can cover a wave of underwater tremors;
– To provide a potable water;
– Follow the instructions of local authorities;
– To participate in immediate assistance to others.
When in the car:
– Do not allow people to panic;
– Do not stop under bridges, overpasses, power lines, with parking cars do not block the way to other vehicles;
– Go and stop the car away from the balconies, eaves and trees;
– If possible, it is better not to use the car, and travel by foot;
– The best solution if it is time to take it – to leave the city.
If you are in a public place:
– The main danger is the crowd, who panicked and ran up hill and down dale;
– In this case, try to choose the safe way out, not yet seen a crowd;
– Try not to fall, otherwise you risk being trampled, not having the slightest opportunity to rise;
– To cross his hands on his stomach, not to break the chest;
– Try not to be among the crowd and obstacle.
If you are in school or other educational institutions:
– To follow the plan developed by civil defense;
– To keep the situation under control, to be able to help others and to protect children, confidence and knowledge of the situation of adult children can follow his instructions, without succumbing to panic;
– Training carried out in advance with the children, would be more properly and safely;
– Children need to know in advance where to find shelter – if the teacher is hiding under the chair, small to use for this purpose their desks, each step must be repeated by all the adult children;
– Each student must learn to be responsible for their things so his attention is diverted from the main issue and it makes it easier to suppress the fear during the evacuation;
– The teacher must be a complete list of the students present and leaving him he should check with the presence of children;
– Make sure to send children to the parents or in specially designated centers for their collection.
When you are on a train or subway:
– Be prepared for what will happen as soon as the impetus, it might be a power failure plunged the car into the darkness, but even so you should not panic;
– Underground station in the event of an earthquake is a safe place: metal allow them to withstand the bumps well.
Upon returning home after an earthquake:
– To see whether the building has not received serious injuries;
– Do not use either matches, or switches, so how can there be a danger of gas leaks;
– Do not use the phone, so as not to overload the line.
If you are buried under the rubble:
– Breathe deeply, do not allow yourself to defeat fear and lose heart, we must try to survive at any cost;
– Assess the situation and learn what it is positive;
– Remember that the person is capable of sustaining thirst and hunger especially for a sufficient number of days, if not useless to expend energy;
– Believe that the assistance will necessarily;
– Look in your pockets or nearby objects, which could help give luminous or acoustic signals (eg, batteries or any object that fell with a thud on pipes or walls could attract attention);
– Adapt to the situation and look around, look for a possible way;
– If no air, no light candles, which consume oxygen;
– Drop the sad thoughts, focusing on what matters;
– If the only way out is a narrow hole, you have to squeeze through it. To do this, relax the muscles gradually squeeze, pressing his elbows to his sides and his feet moving forward, like a turtle.
Earthquake – this is not only destroyed buildings and lost people, but also large debris flows, landslides, avalanches and mud flows. An earthquake with an epicenter on the sea floor creates giant waves that propagate at high speed a few hundred kilometers per hour – on the way they sweep away everything.