Introduction to Home Vegetable Gardening
Simple introduction to home gardening focusing on vegetables.
- Home gardening
- Vegetable gardening
- Vegetable Crops
- According to parts used as food.
- According to season.
- According to the length of life.
- According to length of growing period.
- To start with:
Home gardening is planting vegetables in the family backyard, front yard, in an empty lot near the house, or in pots and used cans. Every home should plant vegetables, no matter how small the lot or space is. To have a vegetable lot, a few fruit trees of papaya and banana planted around the home is already a big help for the family to augment its income.
Vegetable gardening gives the family the following benefits, such as (1) it increases the food supply of the family, (2) it provides an added source of income when there is more than harvest than the family can eat, (3) it allows savings in the family food budget, (4) the newly harvested products provide more nourishment than those which have stayed long in the market, (5) it makes the home surroundings clean and more attractive to live, (6) it makes use of unused spaces in the home, (7) and it is a productive and enjoyable family hobby.
There are many varieties of vegetables that can be planted in the family garden. There are no less than 50 species of the cultivated groups. Species and varieties of vegetable plants are increasing due to introduction, breeding and selection. Vegetable crops maybe classified in a number of ways,
According to parts used as food.
a. Leafy and stem vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, mustard, leeks, garden onions, and squash leaves.
b. Fruits, pods, and seeds such as bitter gourd, eggplant, and jackfruit.
c. Aquatic and root vegetables, these are vegetables raise for their underground parts. These include arrowroot, garlic, ginger, onion bulbs, radish, turnip, water chestnut and peanuts.
d. Flower and fruits buds, these vegetables whose young fruits or buds are used as vegetables. These include cauliflower, banana blossom and broccoli.
According to season.
a. Wet season crops such as cauliflower, pea, lettuce and spinach.
b. Dry season crops such as eggplant, melon, tomato, and sweet potato.
According to the length of life.
a. Perennial vegetables such as asparagus.
b. Cole vegetable crops such as cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi and rutabaga.
c. Bulbs and onion crops such as leeks, garlic, and onions.
d. Green and salads such as celery, lettuce, endive, mustard and parsley.
e. Root and tube crops such as beets, taro, potato, radish.
f. Vegetable beans and legumes such as kidney bean and garbanzos.
g. Solanaceous vegetable fruits such as eggplant, sweet pepper, tomato and wild pungent pepper.
h. Cucurbitaceous vegetable fruits such as cucumber, squash and watermelon.
i. Water-loving vegetable crops such as swamp cabbage, taro, water chestnut.
j. Culinary herbs, spices, or condiments such as cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, parsley, turneries, pungent pepper, peppermint, onion, and garlic.
According to length of growing period.
a. Annuals or yearly such as tomato.
b. Biennials or every two years such as beans, eggplant and pepper.
c. Perennials such as chayote
To start with:
To start a home garden, have all tools ready such as clearing tools, trilling, cultivating and watering. These include bolo, axe, hoe, shovel, spade, rake, fork, trowel, water sprinklers and watering cans. Steps in preparing the vegetable garden include measuring the plot; digging the soil, remove dirt, stones and weed, loosing and mixing soil of fertilizers, and mulching. In preparing homemade fertilizer, mix all decaying matters like chicken refuse, vegetable and fruit peelings, grasses, weeds, manure, straw, rice hulls, wood ash, stem of plants, and garden soil together in the compost pit. Cover with banana leaves to keep moist. Allow to decay for four to five months.
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