The continued and increasing existence of slavery in the World today
Slavery ended in the United States in 1864 after the Civil War There were various practices which did deny the ex-slaves and their decendents rights, but the existence of slavery as slavery ended.
In Jamaica, Slavery was abolished in 1834, as it was for all British colonies. It did not end until 1888 in Spanish held areas. It was not an exaggeration that in 1959, persons who fled Cuba had owned or been the son of a person, who had owned slaves or that there were ex-slaves who supported the Cuban Revolution.
Slavery still exists in the World today. These are just a few countries in which there is slavery, some, very similar to that practiced in the United States before the Civil War.
This is not a 'definition' i.e. where someone claims that a practice is slavery, these nations practice slavery as it was done before the Civil War in the United States.
In Niger, slavery was 'officially' criminalised in 2003. This was to please International Agencies.
However, nearly a million people are still enslaved. The form of slavery is no different than that practiced in the United States before the civil war.
People are bought and sold, sexually abused, and killed. The Master has absolute power. Historically, slavery was organised by the Muslim invaders. who had swept through West Africa
Today, the Taureg people hold the most slaves.
Mauritania recently enacted a law which makes slave ownership punishable with a fine or prison sentence. No one has been prosecuted.
"We enacted it just to meet international standards," admits Bamariam Koita, director of the government's Human Rights Commission. He adds that no-one has been prosecuted because slavery was abolished long ago in Mauritania.
This is not true. Slavery still exists. Whenever there is some kind of publicity, slave owners chase the least useful slaves from their property.
Old slaves are expelled from the only home they have ever known, being told that the master is following the law. There is no social network in place to deal with the ex-slaves.
Many remain slaves or return to being slaves because they have no where to go.
Many children are sold into slavery in Mali and transported to Cote d'Ivorie to work on cocoa planations. At least 15,000 children from Mali alone are believed to be in the Ivory Coast, which produces almost half of the world's chocolate.
Although there has been a lot of publicity, (though not in America) the major chocolate companies, Nestle, M&M, Hershey, Cadbury, still buy most of their chocolate from Cote d'Ivorie, aware of how it is produced.
Today, there are 200,000 children kept as restavecs (domestic slaves), mainly in the capital Port au Prince.
Restavecs belong to the worldwide tradition of placement, where poorer families send their children to richer relatives in order to improve their chances in life.
Save the Children in Haiti, has found that these children are given false hopes of education and then lose their family links, which often leads to abuse.
The Increase in Slavery
A conservative estimate is that there are 27 million people in slavery today. This means that there are more people in slavery today than at any other time in human history.
Slavery has existed for thousands of years, but changes in the world’s economy and societies over the past 50 years have enabled a resurgence of slavery.
Three trends have contributed most to the rise of modern-slavery;
a recent population explosion has tripled the number of people in the world, with most growth taking place in the developing world, rapid social and economic change, have displaced many to urban centers and their outskirts, where people have no ‘safety net’ and no job security and thirdly, government corruption around the world, allows slavery to go unpunished, even though it is illegal everywhere.
In this way millions have become vulnerable to slave holders and human traffickers looking to profit through the theft of people’s lives. This new slavery has two prime characteristics: slaves today are cheap and they are disposable.