The some effects of population explosion in relation to India.

madugundurukmini By madugundurukmini, 30th Sep 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/c89eorwt/
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More and more people are migrating from rural to urban areas due to increase in population.

Effects of population explosion

The following are the some effects of population explosion in relation to India.
Vicious circle of poverty- It is due to excessive increase in population that the total number of people below the poverty line has increased 30 per cent in 2008. now poor people have to spend a large portion of their income on their needs and therefore, less source of savings.

Food insecurity- Rapid rate of growth of population has given rise to food problem in India. It has decreased in per capita availability of food grains. The government has to import the food items from other countries to meet the growing demand of population.

Increase in unemployment- The rapid rate of growth of population has caused widespread unemployment in India. Moreover, disguised unemployment in rural areas and educated unemployment in urban areas have increased.

Migration and urbanisation- More and more people are migrating from rural to urban areas due to increase in population. It results in urbanization. Further, health, hygiene and sanitation facilities are deteriorating in towns and cities.

More pressure on land- Rising rate of population growth increases pressure on land. On the one hand, per capital availability of land has decreased due to the problem of sub -division and fragmentation of holding, and establishment of special economic zones (SEZs). It has resulted in increase in land prices in India.

More pressure on basic amenities- There is is more pressure on basic amenities with the increase in population in India. The congestion in big cities has increased. People are facing the shortage of housing water, electricity and fuel etc. Even green parts within cities are vanishing giving place to slums.

Slums- As stated above, the population of cities has increased considerably and this led to the growth of slums. Lack of proper sanitation has exposed the residents of these areas to in number diseases. Thus, these slums have become a source of major threat to community health.

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Comments

author avatar Anuprita
1st Oct 2013 (#)

Very True.

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