A Guide For Building a Custom Computer

Chris Stephens By Chris Stephens, 12th Dec 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/340r_817/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Technology>Computer Hardware

This guide will walk you through the steps needed to build a computer that’s suited for your needs. The guide is designed for people who have never built a computer before but would like to learn how. The guide is divided in four sections. First is the planning process, second is the buying guide, third is where you put everything together, and fourth is software installation. By the end of this article you will know how to build your dream computer, from start to finish.

Build A Custom Computer

This guide will walk you through the steps needed to build a computer that’s suited for your needs. The guide is designed for people who have never built a computer before but would like to learn how. The guide is divided in four sections. First is the planning process, second is the buying guide, third is where you put everything together, and fourth is software installation. By the end of this article you will know how to build your dream computer, from start to finish without going over budget.

Whenever you’re thinking of building a computer you will need to plan the entire build. You will need to know what this computer is for, where you are going to get all of the parts needed, how much you have to spend, what software you’re going to need and so forth. This article is written to assume that you are building a computer for a specific high end need such as gaming, graphics, or video editing. If not then I recommend looking into buying a brand name computer. They’re going to fit any other needs you may have, and there more cost effective. But if you need a computer for gaming or video editing, then building a custom computer is your best option.

High end applications such as gaming require a high performing computer with a powerful CPU. For this type of build I recommend a quad core CPU. This will give you ample amounts of performance for anything you through at it, as well as the knowing that you won’t need to upgrade it for a few years. As far as whether you go with Intel or AMD, that’s a personal preference. AMD’s are usually cheaper, but they both do and awesome job with anything you through at them.

When buying computer ram, there are something’s that you will need to consider before buying. First you will need at least 4 gigabytes in total. It needs to be high performance ram. This is to ensure that it will run your games and applications much better and smother. Get a set either dual or triple channel DDR3 ram. As far as the speed and type of ram you go with, will depend on the motherboard that you get and what it supports.

Motherboards are one of the most important components in a computer system. Get one that has all of the needs that you want, such as USB 3.0, SATA raid, triple channel ddr3 ram, and support for the latest processors. Make sure if you go with AMD or Intel processors that your motherboard supports the one that you go with.

Video cards are also one of the most important parts to a high end machine. Get either an AMD (ATI) or NVidia card. Make sure that its supports all of the needed video game requirements such as shader 3.0, and that it’s a pci-e 2.0 card. Also check to see if it will fit on your motherboard. Sounds stupid, but some video cards are very long and if you get a micro atx motherboard, it may not fit because there small motherboards.

When dealing with large files from gaming, graphics and video editing, you will need a large hard drive. I recommend at least a 1 Terabyte hard drive. Remember you can always add more space as you go along with more hard drives. Make sure that the hard drives that you buy are either SATA 2 or 3 depending on the motherboard that you buy. This will ensure maximum performance. Solid state hard drives are extremely fast, but they are very expensive. If you have the money go with them, but if you’re on a budget don’t worry about it, SATA is plenty fast.

Next up is your computer case. You’re going to want one that has plenty of fans for cooling, and one that’s at least a mid-tower. Anything smaller than a mid-tower, causes heat issues, and just a pain to have to put it together. Just buy one based on your price range and what you want. Some will come with a power supply, some do not. If you get one with a power supply, you will need one that can supply all components with enough power. With a computer that we are building I recommend one that at least 650 watts. With everything else such as a cd drive, I will leave that up to you to decide.

When looking at places to buy all of you components from, look for some online retailers that offer everything in one place. I recommend Newegg. They have excellent customer service, great shipping, huge selection, and customer reviews on all products. There are others out there of course, just do your research. If you have a favorite, by all means buy from where you want to.

Once you receive all of your parts at home, the next step is to put it all together. This is by far the hardest and the most time consuming part. Keep in mind that this may take around 5-6 hours to do.

1.First step is to get your case out and opened up.
2.Install your motherboard, fallow the directions provided inside the motherboards manual.
3.The next step would be to install or CPU processor. They only go in one way, do not force them in. The processor will fall into place. Once installed, lock the processor with the lock on the motherboard.
4.Next install the heat sink and fan; this should have come with your CPU.
5.Next install your RAM. They to go in only one way and do not force. Also lock into place with all of the locks on the side of them.
6.Next install the hard drive. This is simple to do, just slide it into the hard drive bay, lock into place by screwing in the screws.
7.Next go ahead and install your video car in the pci-e slot on the motherboard. Make sure that it lock into place and also screw into place.
8.Install your CD drive. Screw into place.
9.Last is your power supply. Screw into place and plug all power connections to the appropriate devices. If you have a lot of loose cables you may tie them with a zip tie.
10.That’s it for the installation part. Plug the power cord into the back of the power supply and power the computer up. If all went fine it should boot up, go into the bios and make sure everything is listed. Look for the amount of ram, and look for the boot order. Change the boot order to where there is CD 1st and hard drive is second. Save setting reboot. Put the Windows CD inside the CD drive and go through and install Windows.
11.Once inside Windows, install all of the latest drivers for your sound, video, Wi-Fi, network, and anything else.
12.The last step is to go into the Windows Update and install all of the updates listed. Reboot and you’re done. Enjoy your new machine.

Tags

Computer, Computer Components, Computer Guide, Computer Hardware, Computers, Computing Devices, Gaming Computer

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author avatar Chris Stephens
I love animals, computers, fixing and troubleshooting, and helping people.

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