Beautiful specimen of Chola architecture

madugundurukmini By madugundurukmini, 1st Aug 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/z1vscl0h/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

The Shiva Temple at Tanjore, known as the Brihadeeswara temple, built by Rajaraja the great, is the most magnificent example of the Chola architecture.

Rajendra Chola was a great builder

The ruins of beautiful palaces and magnificent temples constructed during his reign speak eloquently of his building activities.
However, the Chola empire again sank into obscurity when its last ruler, Rajendra II, was defeated by the Pallavas in AD 1267. The Pandyas, the Hoysala and the Ganges established their independent kingdoms on the ruins of the Chola empire.
Chola architecture – The art of the Chola period is a continuation of that of the Pallava times. They were mighty builders. They are still remembered for their vast irrigation schemes at Gangaikondacholapuram, huge embankments and dams, well, planned cities and, above all, for their temples whose towers rise on their bases like pyramids. The Shiva Temple at Tanjore, known as the Brihadeeswara temple, built by Rajaraja the great, is the most magnificent example of the Chola architecture. It is known for its spacious courtyards and massive tower. It is like a pyramidal structure with diminishing tires and a kind of small dome on the top. It has a square virtual base and its pillars are sculpted beautifully.
Another Beautiful specimen of Chola architecture is the Shiva Temple built by Rajendra I in his new capital at Gangaikondacholapuram. This temple is known for its great size.
Sculpture – The art sculpture also made great progress under the Cholas. Their sculptures are excellent. The Chola artists made some of the rare specimens of images and statues of Gods and life – like portrait – images of their kings. Of all the images, the bronze image of Shiva as Nataraja in the temple of Thanjavur is a masterpiece. The art of metal casting also attained perfection under the Cholas.

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