Crude oil is found along with natural gas and water

madugundurukmini By madugundurukmini, 31st Aug 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3i90-g0z/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Science>Sociology

Petroleum is used for power generation. In India, it is confined to the use in few thermal stations which are located close to oil wells and refineries and also in diesel and gas turbine stations.

Uses of petroleum

The word `petroleum' has been derived from the word `petra' which means rock and `oleum' which means oil. Thus, petroleum means `rock oil'. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbon compounds. The liquid petroleum is called crude oil, petroleum gas is called natural gas and the semi – solid to solid forms of petroleum are known as asphalt, tar, pitch, bitumen, etc.
Petroleum id found in underground reservoirs in sedimentary rock formations like sandstone, shale and limestone. In some wells, crude oil is found along with natural gas and water.
Petrol, diesel, kerosene, tar, LPG, lubricants and paraffin wax are some of the products which are obtained during the refining process.
Uses of petroleum
Petroleum is a compound of hydrogen and carbon along with small quantities of oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and organo – metallic substances. There is not even the tiniest part of crude petroleum which goes waste or remains unused. That is why petroleum is called `liquid gold'.

The main uses of petroleum are the following -
Petroleum is used as fuel. Its fuel derivatives include ethane, diesel, gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). By providing lubricant and a compact and convenient fuel, petroleum plays a major role in transportation on land, on sea and in the air.

Petroleum after refining is used for the production of varieties petro – chemical products like synthetic rubber, synthetic fibre, polystyrene, PVC, phenol, gasoline, carbon black, printing ink, film photography, cosmetics, pants, varnishes, lubricating oil, paraffin wax, etc.

Petroleum is used for power generation. In India, it is confined to the use in few thermal stations which are located close to oil wells and refineries and also in diesel and gas turbine stations.

Tags

Crude Oil, Found, Natural Gas, Water

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