Different types of operating systems explained

MatthewA By MatthewA, 24th Nov 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/20h5u52r/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Technology>Computer Software

There are a few categories of operating systems available for desktops, mainframes and smaller laptops and netbooks. Most are familiar with the Windows OS, although there are some alternatives as well such as Linux which is a different type of OS, and Apple's Mac OS X which is similar to Windows. Here are a few of the main OS categories.

Multi-tasking OS

Multi-tasking is perhaps the most prevalent operating system category. These are operating systems that can run multiple applications. These are resource sharing, and most modern operating systems are multi-tasking. In many respects, these are the GUI generation such as Windows and Mac OS X which are the primary operating systems for the PC and Apple Mac. As such, the likes of Windows 7, Vista and XP are all multi-tasking window based operating systems.

Multi-tasking operating systems are not something especially new. The first of these dates back to the 1980s when the Windows series began. Even before this other similar multi-tasking operating systems were developed before the first MS Windows. Not until hardware advanced did the multi-tasking Windows OS really takeoff in the early to mid-'90s.

Multi-user OS

Multi-user operating systems are those which share system resources. As such, these are server or mainframe operating systems which are more for networks and mainframes. Windows Server can be considered one example of a multi-user OS, and they can also be considered to be network operating systems.

Another good example of the multi-user OS is Linux which is one of the biggest multi-user operating systems. The Linux OS is a multi-user OS that is compatible with a variety of hardware from mainframes to mobile phones. Unlike Windows Linux is also an open source OS which is freely distributed. For more details, check out the Linux website which is currently celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Linux.

Command based OS

The command based OS is one that dates back '80s. These were not multi-tasking OS, and so had no windows. Command prompts were input, and only a single software application could be run at a time. DOS remained the best established command based OS during the '80s. However, today DOS has largely been replaced by multi-tasking operating systems such as Windows 7.

These are perhaps the main types of operating systems. They include multi-user, command based and multi-tasking operating systems such as MS Windows, Mac OS X, DOS and Linux for desktops, laptops, servers and mainframes. In addition to this, there is also the mobile OS for mobiles which is being extended to tablet PCs.

Tags

Dos, Operating Systems, Windows

Meet the author

author avatar MatthewA
Matthew is the author of the book Battles of the Pacific War 1941 - 1945. You can find further details at http://battlesofthepacificwar.blogspot.co.uk/.

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