Forgotten Women of the Great Depression Part 4

Carol Roach By Carol Roach, 14th Apr 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

In the struggle for women's rights which stems well over a century, some women made great strides in changing the social mores of the day. The plight of the poor is an ongoing topic in women’s issues and women’s rights. This series will look women in the Great Depression.

Migration of Black people

Montreal's migration of Black people was very different than the USA and even the rest of Canada. Montreal had a relatively small black community in comparison to other parts of Canada and of course United States. Although Blacks migrated to Montreal as early as the days of New France, the period of the Black Empire Loyalists, and the Underground railway, the biggest migration to Montreal was between 1897 – 1930 which is right at the heart of the great depression.

The situation was different in the USA which had a history of many Negroes free and slaves mingled through their early history onward.

Authors note: In Montreal people of African descent are referred to as Blacks, in the USA they are most commonly known and African Americans.

The Great Migration 1915 - 1930 – In America

The Great Migration 1915 - 1930 – In America

The Great Migration of 1915 – l930 refers to the period when African Americans from the south flocked to big northern cities to find work. This migration in turn, would provide an income for an African American northern innkeeper who needed a job to feed her own family.

Many of these women had so many borders in their own home to help pay their rent that it was to the point that their homes could be considered hotels. Many of these women not only co-coordinated lodgings, meals, and so on in the boarding houses, but worked making flower arrangements and lampshades to further supplement their income.

African American women also opened stores and restaurants usually out of their own homes to make an income, which was referred to as "depression businesses.” African American women had no choice but to be innovative in their ways of seeking an income. Many traditional businesses during the depression era had a "whites only policy" which they openly advertised when posting a job.

Unemployed black women

The Philadelphia Employment bureau processed 68% of these white only jobs adverts between 1932 and 1933. No one really knew the exact number of homeless black women because the society concentrated on the need of the white population. What is known is that the black community, churches, and organizations were overwhelmed with the demand.

The demand for a shelter or bed for women in general rose by 270% in 1930.

To be continued

Forgotten Women of the Great Depression


All photos taken from the public domain

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Tags

Depression, Depression Soup Kitchens, Soup Kitchens, The Great Depression, Women Discrimination, Women Of The Great Depression, Womens Rights, Womens Work

Meet the author

author avatar Carol Roach
Retired therapist and author of two books, freelance writer, newsletter editor, and blogger. I write, health, mental health, women's issues, animal , celebrity, history, and SEO articles.

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Comments

author avatar Sherri Granato
15th Apr 2015 (#)

I can't even begin to imagine what it would have been like to be at the mercy of others due to being homeless and the wrong color. Terrifying.

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author avatar Kingwell
15th Apr 2015 (#)

A good share about a terrifying experience for many. Blessings.

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