History and Facts about Abraham Lincoln,

Godwill By Godwill , 18th Jul 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1dbigeav/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. He was born on February 12th, 1809 in Illinois and served as the president of the United States from 1861 to 1865 under the Republican Party.

Introduction

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. He was born on February 12th, 1809 in Illinois and served as the president of the United States from 1861 to 1865 under the Republican Party. Before joining the Republican Party, he was with the Whig Party until the end before decamping to the Republican Party. He was in office as the president of the United States for the first time 1861 to march 1865 and the second time was from March 4th 1865 to April 15th, 1865 when he was assassinated. His vice presidents were Hannibal Hamlin and Andrew Johnson.

His Career

Abraham Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War in 1830 and from 1847 to 1849; he represented Illinois in the United States House of Representative. In 1858 he debated with Stephen Douglass during the campaign for the United States senator. He served as the president of the United States from 1861 to 1865 and was assassinated at Ford’s Theatre, Washington DC in 1865.

His Achievements

Abraham Lincoln led the Union in the Civil War to prevent the Southern states from seceding from the United States from 1861 to 1865. He averted the British’s involvement in the Civil War during the Trent Affair in November 1861. He also signed the Homestead Act which awarded 65 hectares of land to settlers who agreed to farm the land for five years in 1862. He Issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, abolishing slavery in states rebelling against the United States and Created a national banking system and standardized currency with the National Banking Act in February 1863.

More Facts

Abraham Lincoln was the first president of the United States to be assassinated. Lincoln received a patent in 1849 for a system he designed to adjust the buoyancy of steamboats. It is interesting to note that Lincoln carried letters, bills, and notes in his tall stovepipe hat and he was known as a story teller and jokester though he also suffered from depression. Lincoln was 6 ft 4 inches tall and was America’s tallest president. President Lincoln was also a good dreamer. He even dreamt about his own death; in his dream he had followed a crowd of people into the East Room of the White House. There he saw his corpse laid out, and he heard people say, “Lincoln is dead.”

His Landmark Speech

Below is one the most eloquent speeches the United States and the world has ever heard: -
Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address
Fellow-Countrymen:
At this second appearing to take the oath of the Presidential office there is less occasion for an extended address than there was at the first. Then a statement somewhat in detail of a course to be pursued seemed fitting and proper. Now, at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented. The progress of our arms, upon which all else chiefly depends, is as well known to the public as to myself, and it is, I trust, reasonably satisfactory and encouraging to all. With high hope for the future, no prediction in regard to it is ventured.
On the occasion corresponding to this four years ago all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war. All dreaded it, all sought to avert it. While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, urgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war—seeking to dissolve the Union and divide effects by negotiation. Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came.
One-eighth of the whole population were colored slaves, not distributed generally over the Union, but localized in the southern part of it. These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war. To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it. Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has already attained. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict might cease with or even before the conflict itself should cease. Each looked for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding. Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God's assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men's faces, but let us judge not, that we be not judged. The prayers of both could not be answered. That of neither has been answered fully. The Almighty has His own purposes. 'Woe unto the world because of offenses; for it must needs be that offenses come, but woe to that man by whom the offense cometh.' If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of those offenses which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but which, having continued through His appointed time, He now wills to remove, and that He gives to both North and South this terrible war as the woe due to those by whom the offense came, shall we discern therein any departure from those divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to Him? Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said 'the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.'
With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.

Tags

Abraham Lincoln, History Of United States, United States President

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author avatar Godwill
A Writer, Authour and Publisher based in Lagos. Freelance writing on Religion, History, Food & Nutrition, Self-help & Counselling, Addiction, Poems & Proses, and science, with online E books.

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Comments

author avatar Allison Jae
18th Jul 2010 (#)

Great article.

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