How to Grow Cabbage in Your Garden
Growing cabbage in your backyard can be easier if you know everything from planting, maintenance, and disease protection to harvesting and storage.
- How to Grow Cabbage in Your Garden
- 1. Planting Cabbage
- 2. Taking Care of Your Cabbage
- 3. Harvesting Your Cabbage
- 4. Tips in Growing Cabbage
How to Grow Cabbage in Your Garden
Growing cabbage in your backyard can be a little hard. Cabbages are sensitive to temperature; they only like cool temperature. They are also pest magnets. They can easily be infected by plant diseases, and that makes it even grueling to grow them your own.
However, if you know everything there is to know about how to plant cabbage in your backyard, then you’re all set. Having a fresh and pesticide-free cabbage you can pick whenever you need to cook for a family is always better from store-bought ones.
So, here is the A to Z of planting and growing cabbage by your own hands.
1. Planting Cabbage
There are a lot of cabbage varieties you can plant: there are the green cabbage, the red cabbage, and the savoy cabbage. Regardless of what variety you have chosen to plant, it is always best to plant it in a well-drained organic soil. This will give your cabbage healthy nutrients to help them grow. Prepare and cultivate the soil with a shovel to give them a desirable area to grow.
You can also choose between planting cabbage seeds and transplanting. If you choose to start with cabbage seedlings, plant them in your prepared soil ½ inch deep and spaced 18–24 inches apart. However, if you choose to transplant cabbage, it should be 4–6 weeks old already and with 4–5 true leaves and plant them deeply into the soil up to its first true leaves.
2. Taking Care of Your Cabbage
Cabbage needs an even moisture in the soil to grow perfectly. You need to water it regularly to avoid your cabbage having stunted or cracked heads. You can also mulch the base of the cabbage with compost to help retain the soil’s moisture content.
Cabbage needs nutrients, and it can drain the soil faster than other plants. It is essential to fertilize the cabbage after 3 weeks from transplanting to help with its continuous growth. They can easily be infected by various types of pests like cutworms and cabbage worms which you can handpick. However, for diseases and viruses, remove affected plants immediately to avoid infecting others.
3. Harvesting Your Cabbage
If you planted cabbage seeds, you can harvest it after 80–180 days depending on the cabbage variety. For cabbage transplants, they can be ready for harvest after 60–105 days after planting. You can test the head of your cabbage if it is already firm, and then, you can already cut the head from the base of your cabbage. If the head is still loose, you can leave it in your garden for a few more days.
Some cabbage varieties can hold themselves well for weeks, but there are other varieties that need to be cut as soon as the head is firm. The heads can be stored for weeks in the fridge after harvest but make sure it is completely dry before storing.
4. Tips in Growing Cabbage
So, we have covered the basics in planting and taking care of your cabbage to the harvesting and storage, and now you are ready to grow your own cabbage in your backyard. There are additional tips in growing cabbage to help you along the way.
You might ask when the best time to plant cabbage is. The planting season for cabbage is long; you can plant it anytime as long as it can mature and be ready to harvest before the heat of summer season comes. The best could be planting your cabbage seeds indoor first, and transplants can be done as early as 3 or 4 weeks before the last frost of spring.
In taking care of your growing cabbage plants, cabbage diseases can be prevented for your next planting. After your first harvest, remove the entire root system from the soil. This will help you avoid cabbage diseases build-up.
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