Information and First Aid Tips for Electric Shocks

joeldgreat By joeldgreat, 12th Nov 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Emergency Preparedness>First Aid

Knowing the first aid procedures for an electrocuted person will differentiate between life and death.

The Dangers of Electricity

ELECTRICITY is a silent, invisible force that can kill without warning if its dangers are ignored. Treat this powerful energy with caution and respect, and you need not fear it. The passage of electrical current through your body is felt as shock. Even if shock doesn’t cause direct injury, reflex action by your muscles may cause falls or sudden moves into other hazards. The degree of injury from shock depends on three factors: amount of current, or amperage; total length of time exposed; and the path the current takes.

Types of Electric Shocks

Electricity passing through your body can disrupt the tiny electrical signals in your nerves and cause your heartbeat or breathing to stop. Mild Shock is caused by brief contact with current <5mA. The physical effects includes: tingling feeling in the affected area; slight discoloration of the skin; and minor burns. Severe Shock is caused by longer contact with current usually from 5mA to 25mA. The physical effects includes: numbness or temporary paralysis of body parts; moderate to serious pain; spasms or loss of muscle control; loss of consciousness; and breathing difficulties. Current above 5mA for women and 9mA for men may cause muscle contractions so severe that the victim can’t let go of the shock source. Deadly Shock happens when a worker is frozen to an electrical contact point and receives continuous current greater than 25mA. The physical effects includes: 2nd or 3rd degree burns inside and outside the body; destroyed nerves; ruptured internal organs; shattered teeth; broken bones; and torn muscle tissue.

First Aid procedure for Mild shock

1. Have the victim sit down in a comfortable position
2. Check for signs and be sure muscle movement is normal
3. Check for loss of feeling in any part of the body
4. Check pulse rate and breathing
5. If there is no severe pain, the victim can be released

First Aid procedure for Continuous shock

The first thing to do is to remove the victim from the power source. Use non conductive tools such as wooden chair, broom handle, plastic pipe or ropes to free the victim. Non-conductive materials means that electric current don’t flow into them. When you have freed the victim from the power source, do the following:
1. Assess the victim’s condition checking the airway, breathing and pulse.
2. activate medical assistance
3. If victim is not breathing, but with pulse conduct do Air Respiration (AR)
4. If victim is not breathing and no pulse detected, conduct Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR )

Be aware though that CPR must be administered by a qualified First Aider only. Improper way of CPR might do more harm than good to the victim.

First Aid procedure for Severe shock

Severe Shock and related injuries often cause the victim to go into traumatic shock. This condition requires immediate medical attention because it causes a sharp drop in the body’s vital functions such as:

1. Muscle strength
2. Breathing rate
3. Heartbeat
4. Blood pressure
5. Ability to regulate body heat


Electric Shock, Electricity, Electrocution, First Aid Tips For Electric Shocks

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