Mitosis and Meiosis: Similarities and Differences

toto2810 By toto2810, 27th Feb 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2f5nrso3/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Science>Biology>Cells

Mitosis and Meiosis are two process that occur within our body with tremendous frequency. They in many ways seem very similar and can often be confused. Here we will look at a couple of the main similarities and differences between Mitosis and Meiosis.

Similarities

Both Mitosis and Meiosis are forms of cell division. Meaning it takes one cell and makes it into multiple cells. The number of resulting cells depends on which process is being carried out.

Both Mitosis and Meiosis allow for replication. Mitosis leads to cellular replication. Meiosis leads to organism replication.

Both Mitosis and Meiosis occur within the nucleus of the cell and go through the same steps known as Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase.

Differences

Mitosis leads to the division of one cell into two identical cells through the cell cycle. This means that the resulting cells have the same amount of chromosomes as the original cell.

Meiosis produces sex cells also known as gametes. Meiosis occurs twice. Once the chromosome pairs split and the next time the sister chromatids separate. This causes the resulting gametes to be haploid cells, meaning they have half the amount of chromosomes as the original cell.

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