Orchestra

jayababy By jayababy, 23rd Jun 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/30e_7yet/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Music>Music History

Evolution of orchestra throughout centuries. Major set back is lack of funding for its large size and cost.

Origin of orchestra

The standard orchestra has at least 75-100 players. Ancient Egyptians probably had something like an orchestra as they certainly had primitive stringed instruments and drums. But they had no means of writing down their music. So, it must have been an improvisation used has an accompaniment to dancing or story telling.

Ancient Greek musicians had scales and a form of musical notation. They definitely had produced musical tunes, with several musicians playing together.

Foundation

The foundation of an orchestra is playing on the stringed instruments and the rest playing on wood wind, brass and percussion instruments. An orchestra such as this is called a SymphonyOrchestra. An orchestra that has 15-30 players is called a Chamber Orchestra. It is small enough to play in a small hall or ‘Chamber.’ A string orchestra is made up of only the stringed instruments of the symphony orchestra.

Opera

First operas were performed in the 17th century in Italy. The first great pioneer in writing the orchestra was the Italian Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643). He was also the first great composer of opera. In one of his works he made use of an orchestra of 35 musicians playing violas, guitars, harpsichords, organs, trumpets, trombones and flutes.

The perfection of ‘violin’ brought many changes. It took many centuries. Its history begins in India. It was here that the use of a bow to play stringed instrument was probably invented. During the middle ages in Europe, various stringed instruments were played with a bow. Then the strings became the leading instruments of the orchestra. The great French Opera composer, “Rameau’ (1683-1764) was one of the first composers to use clarinet instruments in the orchestra. He also used Bassoons and Horns regularly.

Chamber Orchestra

Turkish bands travelling in Europe introduced several new percussion instruments. These included the Bass Drum, Triangle, Symbals and others in this family. This is how the orchestra group in terms of the kinds and the number of instruments composers could use. The development led to the growth of ‘Symphony’ meaning ‘sounding Together’. The father of the symphony was the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809). During his life time he wrote nearly 104 symphonies.

There are several types of modern orchestra. They are symphony orchestra, chamber orchestra and theater orchestra. However, major set = back was the crisis of funding in the late 20th century for its size and cost. Meanwhile, adding sound to the film caused slow pace o the organization of orchestra.

Tags

Band, Bass, Drums, Egypt, Greece, Italy, Music, Rome, Symbals, Violin

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I love reading and writing. I like to meet good friends on Wikinut, to read their works.

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Comments

author avatar Delicia Powers
24th Jun 2011 (#)

I really enjoyed this article jayababy, I am always stirred by the music of an orchestra,it is nice to know some of its history... well done and thank you

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
24th Jun 2011 (#)

I love big music like this, but my wife is not so much of a fan, plus its hard to find orchestras here in the middle of nowhere!

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author avatar jayababy
24th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Mark, I just wonder how well it was organised in those days. Must had been a gigantic task. We hardly find nowadays.

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author avatar Steve Kinsman
24th Jun 2011 (#)

Very interesting and well written with good information on the history of the orchestra. Thanks for a great share, jayababy.

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author avatar jayababy
24th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Steve, I am interested to know the roots. Thx for responding.

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author avatar jayababy
24th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Delicia, I am glad to know this.

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author avatar Denise O
24th Jun 2011 (#)

I too love a big orchestra. Great info. Nice read. Thank you for sharing.:)

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author avatar jayababy
24th Jun 2011 (#)

hi Denise O, thx a lot.

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author avatar jak2010
24th Jun 2011 (#)

I love the beautiful voices in orchestra. Thanks for nice work,

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author avatar Prasul Surendran
25th Jun 2011 (#)

I love orchestra always and it adds the ultimate touch to the movies!

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author avatar Songbird B
25th Jun 2011 (#)

Lovely historic share which was really interesting too, Jayababy...I learn something new from you in every article...\0/

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author avatar Stephan Polfliet
24th Jul 2013 (#)

the 1st professional orchestra i:e the longest together is the Leipsig Gawandhaus date 1784 but then again the manheim orchestra under Carl Stamitz were very hot and doing all kinds of tricks and effects which now are just normal practice by the way leopold mozart .

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author avatar Stephan Polfliet
24th Jul 2013 (#)

father of Amadeus was in this orchestra.

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