Preventing and coping with dog and cat emergencies

Barbara10BroekStarred Page By Barbara10Broek, 23rd Jan 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Pets>Tips & Advice

Discusses common problems for cats and dogs, and how to handle them.

Common Hints

Keep telephone numbers for your veterinarian, a pet emergency clinic, and the nearest poison control center by a home phone and in your wallet. Consult a veterinarian immediately after any serious accident to your pet.

Assemble a pet first aid kit. It should contain a rectal thermometer and petroleum jelly, tweezers, a small scissors, adhesive tape, cotton batting and swabs, gauze pads and bandages, a germicidal soap, antibiotic cream, 3 percent hydrogen peroxide to induce vomiting, and powdered activated charcoal to absorb poison.

Car accidents and falls

If your pet is injured by a car or in a fall and remains lying down, move it as little as possible. If it gets up, keep it from walking or running. If possible have someone else call the veterinarian or make arrangements to get you there while you comfort the animal.

Restrain a dog with the muzzle of gauze about 2 feet long, or use a tie or stocking. Remove the muzzle if the dog starts to vomit. Wrap a panicky cat in a towel or blanket. Or have an assistant hold the cat by the scruff of the neck with one hand and by the rear legs with the others, tell him to place the cat on a table, body extended, uninjured side down, while you administer first aid.

To control bleeding press gauze or cloth pad on the wound wrap it tightly with gauze strips. Don’t use a tourniquet. If you suspect a bone fracture, restrict the animal’s movements. Even if no wounds are visible, an injured animal may bleed internally and go into shock. Look for pale gums and shallow uneven breathing. Cover the animal lightly with a blanket.

As soon as possible get an injured animal to a veterinarian. To transport a dog slide it gently onto a board or other rigid support. Or use a blanket or coat as a make shift stretcher. Gently lift a calm cat under the chest and place it in a carrier or box. Place a struggling cat in a pillowcase if you don’t have a carrier.

Treating minor wounds and cuts

Restrain the animal. Clip the coat around the wound, rinse it with water. Gently remove surface dirt with a cotton swab, wash the area with a germicidal soap, and apply an antibiotic cream. Bites, other easily infected wounds, and cuts longer than 1 inch should be treated by a veterinarian.

Heat stroke

Leaving a pet in a closed car or tying it outside in hot weather with out shade and water invites heatstroke. If on a hot day, your animal pants and drools heavily, is warm to the touch, or collapses, douse it with cold water from a hose or immerse it up to the neck in a cold bath, put ice packs on its neck and head. Continue treatment until panting stops and its temperature returns to normal. Then take it to a veterinarian.

Swallowed objects

Print your pet from playing with small swallowable objects, especially needles and thread. Consult a veterinarian if your pet swallows a foreign object. It may pass naturally or it may cause gagging, excessive salivation, and vomiting. Sharp objects require immediate attention

Poisons

Keep household cleaners, pesticides, car anti-freeze, and other toxic substances away from all pets. In case of poisoning, try to determine what the substance was and call your veterinarian or a poison control center immediately. You may be told to induce vomiting with hydrogen peroxide and to administer a specific antidote or activated charcoal. After the animal comments, take it to the veterinarian.

Electric shock

Don't leave electric cords exposed where a cat or puppy can chew on them. If you leave a young pet alone, unplugged lamps and appliances in its confinement area and roll chords of out of reach. Don't touch an animal in contact with electric current. (Newspaper's or a rubber mat) and prod the animal off the cord with a wooden pole. Take it to a veterinarian without delay.

Tags

Cat, Cat Care, Cat Health, Catcare, Cats, Dog, Dog Health, Dog Tips, Dogs, Dogs Health, Health Care, Healthcare, Healthy, Healyh, Illness, Illnesses, Injured, Injuries, Injury, Injury Prevention, Pet

Meet the author

author avatar Barbara10Broek
Professional Librarian and freelance writer. Home Page: http://barbaratenbroekfreelancewriter.yolasite.com/

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Comments

author avatar Jerry Walch
23rd Jan 2011 (#)

good advice

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
23rd Jan 2011 (#)

great pet advice for keeping our pets safe and preventing accidents. Please note I added some suggestions with the publication notice.

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author avatar Angelique Newman
24th Jan 2011 (#)

Wonderful advise; well worth the star :)

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