Protected Areas: Government Effort In India To Conserve Its Forest

snerfu By snerfu, 27th Jan 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Nature>Habitats & Ecosystems

Forests need conservation, which is a large responsibility. Various Government agencies carry out this work. Here we see some of these institutions and learn more about the forests of India.

Forests of India

In India, there are 16 major forest types and a further 221 minor subtypes(1). Other than those on the islands of Andaman and Nicobar, the main chunk of Indian forests occur in Western Ghats in South India, greater Assam region in the North Eastern India and Orissa in Northern India. The nodal agency for coordinating, promoting, overseeing and Forests and forestry practices, planning of programmes and policies regarding forests and environment is Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)(3).

Protected areas in India

Protected areas in India include the following areas:
a) Biosphere reserves
b) Animal sanctuaries
c) Conservation and community reserves
d) Reserved and protected forests
e) Private protected areas
f) Village and panchayat forests
g) Conservation areas
h) National parks

Regarding National Parks

India has over 120 National Parks. They cover an area of 39,876 square kilometers. First among these, today called Jim Corbett National Park came into existence in 1935(2). Reserved and protected forests could fall between IV to VI categories depending on the level of protection that exists. In reserved forests, grazing, hunting or logging activities require permission, without which they cannot enter the land.

Important trees and research institutes

Main trees having commercial viability include Malabar Kino Pterocarpus marsupium, Terminalia crenulata, and Indian rosewood among others. Forest resources undertake surveys and assessments by the Forest Survey of India (FSI)(3). They give real time information regarding forest fires, forest inventories, mapping and training and access Geo portal they can interact with regularly.

Institute of Wood Science and Technology conducts training programmes in forestry research and wood sciences. They have extensive timber plants for preservation and seasoning, machinery for processing wood, modern laboratories, clonal propagation mist chamber, insect museum and Xylarium. Students and interested entrepreneurs enroll in courses under categories such as Wood Protection, Important Timbers – Field Identification and Phytochemical Analysis involving Instrumental Techniques. They study how to recreate forestland. Intriguing enchanting India is an exciting tourist destination.

History of conservation

Scientific forest management bodies undertook massive afforestation programmes between 1926 and 1947 in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. In 1952, the Forest Policy aimed at bringing one-third of the land area under forests. The main focus of afforestation lies in these main objectives:
a) Preserving biodiversity
b) Conserving forest resources
c) Preventing soil erosion
d) Increasing economic viability of forests
e) Identifying areas where afforestation has maximum impact
f) Soil management and fertilizer application
Forests help by fixing the excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This decreases the greenhouse effect vastly. They bind the soil especially along the coasts of seas and rivers. This length of coastline is 7517 km(5). Length of all major rivers sum up to 12,763 km(4). It is more than just mixing your vegetables with your flowers.

India is the land of the tiger. It has many species of birds and animals that are unique to the area. So also with trees and the plants that now lie within the focus of the Governmental agencies that seek to implement the policies through most economic means.

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Areas, Forest, India, Protected

Meet the author

author avatar snerfu
Bachelor, Christian, 53, settled in Madurai, India, like to watch football and tennis on TV. I also have occasional walks but try to read the Bible daily. For amusement, I read the newspaper.

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author avatar Retired
27th Jan 2015 (#)

I would really love to visit India. The pictures you posted and the video is beautiful.

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author avatar snerfu
29th Jan 2015 (#)

You are welcome any time CoffeeQueen. India is really wonderful.

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
27th Jan 2015 (#)

Hopefully India never losses its forests, by the so called growth! Great post Snerfu!

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author avatar snerfu
29th Jan 2015 (#)

Thanks a bunch Mr Mc Costigan. I hope so too.

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
28th Jan 2015 (#)

Good that people are becoming more aware of the need to conserve forests and wild life. With coordinated efforts, we can make the whole environment ideal. Thanks for this informative share, Snerfu - siva

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author avatar snerfu
29th Jan 2015 (#)

Yes Siva, it is time to rethink the whole idea of conservation from the broader perspective of the progeny. And you are doing well too. Thanks for the pat.

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