Saudi Arabia is Robustly Standing Among The Super Powers

ppruelStarred Page By ppruel, 11th Jul 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

In 1902, a young man of distinguished courage and ability defended his family against enemies: he who would die for his right and obligations to his country: he arrived from Kuwait. He was the son of the ruling Saud. His name was Abdul Aziz Al – Rahman bin Faisal Al – Saud.

The new dawn and hope for Arabia

At the age of 19, he began the re conquest of his family’s former lands. With forty men he courageously combated and re conquered his family’s kingdom. He captured Riyadh, the present capital of Saudi Arabia, and the territory around it, ruled by Al – Rashed. He killed Rashed by a sword. At once he proclaimed himself as the new ruler. That period also marked the new dawn and hope for Arabia.

In 1913, bin Saud, as he became known, seized the Persian Gulf coastline between Qatar and Kuwait from the Turks. By 1922, he ruled the whole of Central Arabia. In 1925, bin Saud conquered Hijas that is the Red Sea coast.

In 1930 Oil was discovered

And in the 1930s, oil was discovered – the most vital asset that brings economic and cultural changes to the country.

In 1933, the first oil concession was granted to the California – Arabian Oil Company, the forerunner of Aramco. With the discovery of oil in commercial quantities in 1938, Saudi Arabia stood in the doorway of wealth and had the opportunity to modernize its infrastructure and economic life. Today, Saudi Arabia has the largest oil reserves in the world.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

On September 23, 1932, King Abdul Aziz, formally declared Arabia under the named of the “Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” for what had been a union of regions comprising Najd, Hijas, Asir and Al – Hasa. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia became the blessed paradise in where people live to enjoy and be proud as one in culture, customs, and tradition and in faith.

During his powerful leadership, many impacts of innovation followed. With his friendly approach, Saudi Arabia opened its door to foreign countries: that marked the many changes, which would occur. Hundred of the investors arrived with expertise and dedication. Hundreds of contract workers from other countries had come to Saudi Arabia to join forces and helped to develop the kingdom.

1953, The King joined Almighty God

In 1953, King Abdul Aziz Al – Rahman bin Faisal Al – Saud died and joined Almighty God. After he died, a series of kingships followed. His eldest son, Prince Saud bin Abdul Aziz, succeeded to the throne as the new Monarch King, who built on his father’s work. King Saud ruled the kingdom for ten years. He died in 1964.

After King Saud, his brother, Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz, a talented, devout man, succeeded as the new ruler of Saudi Arabia, whose development plans helped to train greater numbers of Saudi nationals, improve housing and healthcare, and expand the country’s infrastructure. This includes abolishing slavery and introduced public television and education for women. He died in 1975.

The succession of Kingship passed to his brother

In 1975, the succession passed to his brother, Prince Khaled bin Abdul Aziz, who steered the country towards rapid social and economic changes. After his death in 1982, Prince Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, his brother, succeeded to the throne. His aim had been to steer the economy away from servility to oil wealth.

These series of kingships from King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al – Saud to the present King, had made the kingdom a great country. The joys show in the kingdom. With the power of gold and an abundance of oil wealth, Saudi Arabia now is robustly standing.

Tremendous developments occurred

During King Fahd’s reign, tremendous developments occurred, such as construction, manufacturing, improved mining, fishing and agriculture. These expansions and massive developments resulted in the growth increase of exports, self-sufficiency in many vital commodities, and the promotion of the employment prospects of Saudi nationals. Prosperity enhanced the kingdom.

Many investors, laborers and professionals arrived with their skills and commitments. Saudi Arabia became busy. Many jobs flourished. They exported their oil wealth to earn billion of dollars.

Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud - the present King

Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (born August 1, 1923 is the current King of Saudi Arabia. On August 1, 2005, he succeeded to the throne upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd. Previously, as Crown Prince, he governed Saudi Arabia as regent from 1996 to 2005. He has been Commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard from 1962 to November 2010.

He has implemented many reform measures. He has re-shuffled the Ministry of Education’s leadership in February 2009 by bringing in the King’s pro-reform son-in-law as the new minister. He also at the same time appointed Nora bint Abdullah al-Fayez, a US-educated former teacher, as deputy education minister in charge of a new department for female students.

The country’s new flagship

He has done a top-to-bottom restructuring of the country’s courts to introduce, among other things, review of judicial decisions and more professional training for Shari’a judges. He has been responsible for the creation of a new investment promotion agency to overhaul the once-convoluted process of starting a business in Saudi Arabia.

He has created a regulatory body for capital markets. He has promoted the construction of the King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (the country’s new flagship and controversially-coed institution for advanced scientific research).

He has done a substantial budgetary investment in educating the workforce for future jobs. The Saudi government is also encouraging the development of non-hydrocarbon sectors in which the Kingdom has a comparative advantage, including mining, solar energy, and religious tourism. The Kingdom’s 2010 budget reflects these priorities—about 25 percent is devoted to education alone—and amounts to a significant economic stimulus package.

The King has the final authority

A King, in which a legislative and executive role is performed by the Council of Ministers, rules the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The King has the final authority in judicial matters. He issues executive instructions to meet particular parallel circumstances.

It has re stated that the constitution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the Koran. The affairs of the Kingdom and its citizens are regulated in accordance with the Islamic law; the “Sharia” that governs the religious, political, social, economic and private lives of those who affirm Islam and the non – Muslims is expected to abide these.

The role of Ulema

A body of religious authorities (The Ulema) advises the King, particularly when dealing with religious, judicial and social matters. The Legal Justice is administered by “Qadhis” which is characterized as “religious”. They are the civil and criminal judiciaries that settle disputes, in labor cases and in the commercial disputes.

A Basic Constitutional Regulation indicates that the Saudi Crown shall pass to the son or grandson of the King Abdul Aziz, who is held to be the best fitted to rule in accordance with the Holy Koran and the Principles and Doctrines of the Prophet Mohammed, the founder of Islam. The Sovereign King is approachable of people at a regular interval to hear petitions, and settle disputes with the people.

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East

Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East, covering four – fifths of the Arabian Peninsula from the Red Sea to the Arabian Gulf. The total area is estimated at about 2,240,000 sq. km (864,869 sq. mi.) But a portion of the land area is desert. It is estimated that there are about 833,980 sq. km (322,000 sq. mi.) of desert land, mountains of rocks and mountains of sand dunes. While an area of about 1,406,020 sq. km (542,869 sq. mi.) are developed and much of the oil deposits are found.

Ancient history of Arabia

Historians claimed that in the 4th century BC, Arabia was the original home of the Semites. They moved to Mesopotamia and Palestine and later they were identified as Assyro-Babylonians, Canaanites and Amorites.

In the 5th century, some Historians recorded that an ancient civilization called Dilmun was found on the Arabian Peninsula, which dates from the latter stages of ancient civilizations along the Nile and in Mesopotamia. In the East coast around Bahrain and in the West were various civilizations, which controlled the land. These civilizations included Hebrew tribes, the Nabateans and later the Christians from Ethiopia.

A very prosperous trading

The Southern part of Arabia was developed into a commercial center that specialized in the production of frankincense and myrrh. Those products were highly prized by the Romans. The place also became the trade market for silks, spices and precious stones brought from Indies and East Africa.

Arabia produced gold and copper and those were transported to Northern civilizations. A very prosperous trading took place. A network of caravan routes started from Arabia to Egypt and Babylonia.

The center of the Islamic world

In the 7th century Islam, was founded with the coming of the prophet Mohammed. It was matured and expanded. Arabia became the center of the Islamic world, with Mecca and Medinah as the Holy Shrines. Mecca was the pilgrimage destinations of all Muslims world – wide that were and still are able to make the journey.

In that era, warring tribes between family kingdoms occupied the Central part of Arabia. While in the western region, the Ottoman Turks and their Egyptian and Hashemite – Arab allies exerted a nominal rule.

The first Saudi kingdom

In the early 14th century Saud ruled one of the kingdoms in Central Arabia. He was a powerful ruler with thousands of fighting men to do battle for the ruler. Diriyah was his kingdom, located at Wadi Hanifah. It was the capital of the first Saudi kingdom, from which Saud conquered much of the Arabian Peninsula.

Historians recorded that Diriyah achieved prominence after Mohammed bin Abdul Al Wahhab settled there as adviser to the ruling Saud. He was the religious reformer and a teacher. He promoted the religious reforms, which have predominated to this day. They stress purity of religious practice, conservative social standards, and the unity of one God.

The ruling family was captured and was exiled to Kuwait

According to history, Diriyah had 5000 residents and 500 guests daily. They were fed in the ruler’s palace. All of the revenues of the kingdom were from conquered lands.

But in 1818, the Ottoman Empire considered the conquest of Saud’s kingdom. They sent an army from Egypt under Ibrahim Pasha to destroy the power of Saud. A war between the Ottoman Empire and the ruling Saud started. Hundreds and thousands of men died. And unfortunately, Diriyah was laid waste after a six – month siege and the ruling family was captured and was exiled to Kuwait.

To read my previous articles about Saudi Arabia visit the following links:

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Meet the author

author avatar ppruel
I am a web content creator, on-line marketer, products and services promoter, on-line writer and a Filipino blogger; I write about anything under the sun; making fun and socializing other Net users.

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author avatar Denise O
11th Jul 2011 (#)

Great information on Saudia Arabia. Good pictures, well researched, just good all the way around. Congrats on the star page my friend. As always, thank you for sharing.:)

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author avatar ppruel
12th Jul 2011 (#)

Thank you Denise for the kind words and your precious time. This is one of my dream projects to write a short account about the country where I am presently working.

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author avatar Denise O
11th Jul 2011 (#)

oops Saudi*

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author avatar Steve Kinsman
12th Jul 2011 (#)

Excellent history of Saudi Arabia and its royal family. Too bad the way women are treated in that country.

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author avatar ppruel
12th Jul 2011 (#)

Thanks Steve - even during the ancient period part of Arabia had become the commercial center and it signaled as civilized place.

I also noticed that there are many changes happening now in the Kingdom. There are organized group of women working together to voice out for their rights.

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author avatar Buzz
12th Jul 2011 (#)

Kabayan Paul, thanks for that bit of history. Umuwi ka muna Pinas. Inuman tayo.:)

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author avatar ppruel
12th Jul 2011 (#)

hehehe...Ok Buzz wait for me. I am affected with saudization kabayan.

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author avatar saurik
12th Jul 2011 (#)

women there are treated better than in US and Europe.
Just for your info. Women there are satisfied with their lives and happy. Don't believe what media tells you.

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author avatar ppruel
13th Jul 2011 (#)

Thanks for the info dude Saurik. Yeah. Mostly of the articles we read from newpapers about maltreatments to women are exaggerated opinions.

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author avatar James R. Coffey
15th Jul 2011 (#)

Exceptional presentation.

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author avatar ppruel
24th Jul 2011 (#)

Thank you James.

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author avatar DR / Usama Anwar
23rd Jul 2011 (#)


This is a message for mankind all over the world who have a conscience & mercy by work not by words . For all people who love liberity, brotherhood & equality . For every writer and journalist to share in the biggest battle in the recent history for liberation of slaves - your brothers in humanity - who suffer from horrible crimes in kSA.

The inviter :- More than 8 million people from more than 50 countries who suffer the worst injustice in the recent history . The speaker is an Egyptian doctor, his wife - who is also a doctor - & his 2 very young kids. This family suffers the worst crime one can imagine inside KSA. They have been prevented from going back to their country & also from work for more than three years up till now. The local authorities had cut the electricity from their home for about 1 year in an evil trial to kill them only because they want their money from the government who refuses to give them!! They had sent many complaints to the King, Princes & the cabinet with no response.
The receiver :- Secretary General of U.N., Security Council, U.N.O., All presidents, All human rights organizations & All others concerned by this invitation.
The Message :- Why all of you are silent about the horrible crimes occurring against the foreign workers & employers inside KSA!!
1 - Is the Saudi Government is stronger than all world countries together to behave this bad attitude?! No, this government is so weak that they can't defend themselves from a few hundred Yemeni people who invade the country very easily & reach Jeddah - the second big city - within hours!!
2 - Are you don't know these horrible crimes?! No, these crimes are recorded in the letters of all human rights organizations!!
3 - Are you don't have the power to force these criminal people to full with all international agreements?! No, you already have many political, economic & military powers to force these mentally retarded desert people to use their minds!!
4 - Are Saudi labour rules having any similararity in any other country all over the world?! No, because these stupid, retarded & discriminative rules have no any other similarity!!
5 - Is the bribery & gifts given to presidents, diplomatic & media persons are the cause of this silence?! These people should be prevented from receiving this dirty money!!
6 - Are the billions of dollars in western banks & huge investments are the cause of this silence?! I ask these countries to follow human rights & the rules these countries are build on in their constitution!!
7 - Are the huge Saudi donations to sport clubs & zoo in western countries had mad the ugly Saudi faces pretty & beautiful?! This is not sense at all because the care of football & bears doesn't forgive the horrible crimes against more than 8 million innocent people!!
8 - Are the huge money spent by Saudi tourists in prostitution, drinking alcohol & gambling tables in many countries are the cause of this silence?! No, because this dirty money - from ethical points of view - never build a good country!!
9 - Is the silence of these foreign workers about injustice & discrimination are the reason for continuation of Saudi crimes against them?! I ask all these workers to use all peaceful ways like demonstrations & strikes to oblige Saudi authorities to change these stupid rules!!

Finally, I ask all presidents & kings all over the world to unite together to force this stupid Saudi government - who is retarded more than 1000 years from the rest of the world - to change this discrimination against foreign workers immediately for liberation of these slaves because they are your brothers in humanity .

DR / Usama Anwar
Iman General Hospital
Riyadh, K.S.A
Mobile 00966595150867

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author avatar ppruel
13th Aug 2011 (#)

Dr. Anwar - I am happy for sharing your story with us though I cannot get exactly your point - you used the couple as your subject...but you did not mentioned if they reported the case to their Embassy. Immigrants and other workers in the Kingdom have the righs to consult what ever problems they are experiencing to their cosulate or embassy - those offices are ready to listen and to extend help. Wish that you will not use this site for that purpose. There are proper places to discuss about people grievances. Thank you for your time.

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