Tanjore school of painting imbibed the culture and style of various conquering rulers

madugundurukmini By madugundurukmini, 14th Jul 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/39aj5eva/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Art>Painting

Tanjore paintings on wood were commissioned by patrons whose wealth decided the quality of art work on gold leaf or gems. The artists were Kshatriyas of the Raju community, for whom art was a ritual expression rather than a creative one. In fact, paintings followed prescribed themes and it was only on the lowest part that the artist was followed to exercise his own imagination.

Tanjore paintings

The common themes for Tangore paintings are the ones, portraying Krishna or the coronation of Rama, called the Rampattabhishekam. The Navnita Krishna, or Krishna holding a ball of butter, is an oft- repeated theme, as is the Darbar Krishna, Radha Krishna or Krishna with Rukmini and Satyabhama. Other popular themes are the Sreeranganstha or sleeping Vishnu, Gajalakshmi and Vishnu with his consort Bhudevi and Sridevi. Uncommon themes are subjects like Markandaya, Dasavatar, Ashtadipala or the secular company school portraits and Sikh themes using the Tangore technique.
Painting is generally made on wood and the modern day Tanjore painting consists of both the religious as well as professional touch. Meena Muthaih of Madras is the chief architect of this school. The chief exponent of the Tangore painting were Munmadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar, E.W. Havell, A.K. Haldar, Sarada, Ukil, Amrita Shergil, Jamini Roy.

Mysore painting

Mysore paintings are on hand made papers and less heavy and ornate than their Tangore counterparts. The color schemes are typical, with frequent use of red and green, and no sharp contrast with gold work, if it is used at all. There is a greater emphasis on fine lines and delicate detail, especially on corner scroll designs, clothing and other decorative elements. The figures are not heavy, and have delicate oval faces and regular features. There is also no gem setting and glass embellishment. Most of the theme of the painting is religious and meant for worship, portraiture is more common than in the Tanjore Style.

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