Techniques of Plant Propagation - Part Three

Sylvia By Sylvia , 14th Feb 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Gardening>Propagation

Budding is a process of plant propagation and refers to the grafting of the bud of one plant onto another in the same species. However, not all plants take to this process.


Bud grafting or Budding
This is the process by which one bud along with a small section of bark from the rooted scion is joined. This process is a lot faster and is much stronger than when grafting. Specifically this is useful when there is limited material of the scion. There are several types of bud grafting listed as follows.

Patch budding
This method is best practiced on plants that have a thick bark. This should not be done when the plant is dormant as the bark will not slip easily. Section off and remove a rectangular piece of the bark from an actively growing rootstock. Have a matching piece of bark with a bud ready from the scion and cover the exposed area with this. In some instances the bark of the rootstock may be thicker than that of the scion, in which instance the bark of the rootstock should be pared down to match thinner bark, making certain when the union is wrapped the patched union will be firmly held in place.

Chip Budding
It may be noticed that bark of some plants will not slip easily and this method of budding can be used on such stock. Slice downward at a 45o angle into the rootstock through 1/4 of the wood. Then make a 2nd cut of about one inch in an upward direction from the first cut. Next, have ready a piece of bark and wood showing a bud taken from the scion and shape it to fit the cut that was made in the rootstock. Wrap the union firmly after fitting the chip of bark and wood with a bud from the scion.

T- budding is one of the common techniques of budding. This is done when the bark is slipping by making a vertical cut cutting through the bark of the rootstock. It must be remembered to avoid any buds on the stock. Cut well above a bud. Then make a horizontal cut to form a T shape on the top of the vertical cut. Loosen the bark. This is done by twisting the knife at the point where the two cuts meet. Cut out a shield shaped piece of bark which includes a bud and a thin section of the wood from the scion. Have this ready before making the cut on the rootstock. Push this shield shape under the loose bark of the stock plant at the cut and wrap the union with grafting tape, but making sure the bud is left exposed.

Taking Care of Buds
The best time to place buds in the stock is August. After about 6 to 7 months the bud can be forced to develop. Do this by cutting off the top of the stock plant leaving a stub of about 3 to 4 inches above the bud of the grafted stock. Protect the newly appearing shoot from damage that may be caused by mechanical or wind by tying it to the stub of the rootstock. Once the new shoot shows signs of a strong bonding with the root stock trim off the remaining stub. This is best done close to the budded area.

Once the new shoot is firmly established, make sure that no growth is allowed below the budded area. Any growth appearing below the graft will only retard the growth of the grafted scion.


Bud Grafting Or Budding, Budding, Care Of Buds, Chip Budding, Patch Budding, T-Budding

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I like to write, I write poetry and prose. I write on nature, the environment, in fact I write on any subject.

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