The Aftermath of World War one in Germany

MatthewA By MatthewA, 1st Dec 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Sports>Sports

In 1918, after four years of conflict, World War One ended. In the event, Germany and the Entente accepted an armistice. The Treaty of Versailles outlined a number of postwar provisions.

The Aftermath of World War one in Germany

Germany's army was all but defeated on the Western Front, as Entente troops increasingly pushed westwards. This was particularly the case, as the UK tank was most effective in breaking the German lines. With such defeats, the German monarch abdicated.

After the abdication of Wilhelm, Germany became a republic. The Weimar Republic was established in Germany in 1918. This had an elected president and chancellors. Overall, with universal suffrage it was a more democratic Germany.

There were a number of parties of the republic. However, the first coalition was largely formed by the socialist SPD, with Ebert elected President of the republic. While their coup failed, the communist KPD remained in opposition.

Soon after, an armistice with the Entente was agreed to. The Treaty of Versailles was drafted by the west in 1918, which included a number of provisions. These included reparations, military and territory provisions. In the west, Alsace Lorraine became French territory again. In addition to this, German colonies were lost. The Rhineland also became de-militarised. Further to this, it was required that Germany reduce their army and navy.

Overall, the treaty was not especially welcome by Germany. In particular, meeting the reparations required. Germany had post-war debts, so increasingly could not meet them.

As such, it was in 1923 that French troops occupied the Ruhr. With this, inflation increased in Germany. It was only when Stresemann was appointed chancellor in '23, that the republic began o take effective measures to curb the inflation. With it, a measure of German economic recovery followed.

It was in '24 that the Dawes Plan was proposed. This effectively reduced the reparations demanded, and suggested that French troops begin to leave the occupied Ruhr. Overall, Germany accepted the Dawes Plan.

However, it was not until '25 that Germany really began post-war negotiation with the west. At Locarno in Switzerland, Germany's foreign minister Stresemann met with western ministers of France and Britain. Here, with the Rhineland Pact neutrality on the western front was agreed to between France and Germany. Then, in addition to this, France agreed to further withdraw troops from the occupied Ruhr.

It was also agreed that Germany enter the League of Nations at some stage. As such, Germany joined the League of Nations in 1926.

With this, by 1926 Germany had seemingly recovered from the postwar era. Support for the Weimar Republic gradually increased as Germany's economy recovered from the war.


Germany, Treaty Of Versailles, Weimar Republic

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Matthew is the author of the book Battles of the Pacific War 1941 - 1945. You can find further details at

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