The Aftermath of the Battle of Monte Cassino

MatthewA By MatthewA, 27th Nov 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

The Battle of Monte Cassino had ended by 1944. The German defenders who had fortified and dug in along the hills of the Monte Cassino were defeated as the Allies secured the high ground. As a result, the rest of the German army began to retreat further north into Italy. Overall, the battle had lasted a number of months but now the Allies could begin to make further advances.

The Aftermath of the Battle of Monte Cassino

The German defenders who had fortified and dug in along the hills of the Monte Cassino were defeated as the Allies secured the high ground. As a result, the rest of the German army began to retreat further north into Italy. Overall, the battle had lasted a number of months but now the Allies could begin to make further advances.

The Battle of Monte Cassino was the most costly battle for the Allies during the Italian Campaign. It was also one of the most costly generally with over 50,000 Allied casualties estimated. This eclipsed most other battles that the western armies were involved in.

After the battle, a breakout from Anzio was made by Clark. However, as the Germans retreated Clark did not move his army into a position to encircle the retreating Germans. Instead Clark advanced towards and occupied Rome in 1944. However, this allowed most of the retreating armies to withdraw to new positions in northern Italy.

As such, a good number of German troops still remained in Italy and the Italian Campaign was not over. However, the Allied landings in Normandy that followed would take precedence for both sides during Operation Overlord. During Operation Overlord the Allies established a beach head and made a steady advance further into France.

However, further advances would resume in Italy during 1944, most notably during Operation Olive. No decisive breakthrough was made during this advance and, as a result, the Italian Campaign would continue into 1945.

In France, a renewed German advance in the winter of 1944 would catch the Allies by surprise. Hundreds of thousands of German troops advanced during the Battle of the Bulge. However, the Allies prevailed during the Siege of Bastogne. As German fuel supplies ran dry, the advance became more of a retreat and by 1945, the Allies had restored their lines and moved into Germany.

In the final year, the Italian Campaign dragged on as the remaining remnants of the Axis armies continued to defend cities in northern Italy. After an aerial and artillery bombardment Bologna fell to the Allied armies in Italy. As such, with remaining Axis lines collapsing in Italy the last German armies surrendered to the Allies in May.

Not long after, this surrender in Italy became a more general German surrender. Victory in Europe Day was celebrated in May as the war was ended. For the Italians, the war had not gone well, but the demise of Fascism in Italy after two decades ensured a new era for the Italian nation.the battle had lasted a nu

mber of months but now the Allies could begin to make further advances.

The Battle of Monte Cassino was the most costly battle for the Allies during the Italian Campaign. It was also one of the most costly generally with over 50,000 Allied casualties estimated. This eclipsed most other battles that the western armies were involved in.

After the battle, a breakout from Anzio was made by Clark. However, as the Germans retreated Clark did not move his army into a position to encircle the retreating Germans. Instead Clark advanced towards and occupied Rome in 1944. However, this allowed most of the retreating armies to withdraw to new positions in northern Italy.

As such, a good number of German troops still remained in Italy and the Italian Campaign was not over. However, the Allied landings in Normandy that followed would take precedence for both sides during Operation Overlord. During Operation Overlord the Allies established a beach head and made a steady advance further into France.

However, further advances would resume in Italy during 1944, most notably during Operation Olive. No decisive breakthrough was made during this advance and, as a result, the Italian Campaign would continue into 1945.

In France, a renewed German advance in the winter of 1944 would catch the Allies by surprise. Hundreds of thousands of German troops advanced during the Battle of the Bulge. However, the Allies prevailed during the Siege of Bastogne. As German fuel supplies ran dry, the advance became more of a retreat and by 1945, the Allies had restored their lines and moved into Germany.

In the final year, the Italian Campaign dragged on as the remaining remnants of the Axis armies continued to defend cities in northern Italy. After an aerial and artillery bombardment Bologna fell to the Allied armies in Italy. As such, with remaining Axis lines collapsing in Italy the last German armies surrendered to the Allies in May.

Not long after, this surrender in Italy became a more general German surrender. Victory in Europe Day was celebrated in May as the war was ended. For the Italians, the war had not gone well, but the demise of Fascism in Italy after two decades ensured a new era for the Italian nation.

Tags

Battle Of Monte Cassino, Italian Campaign, Italy

Meet the author

author avatar MatthewA
Matthew is the author of the book Battles of the Pacific War 1941 - 1945. You can find further details at http://battlesofthepacificwar.blogspot.co.uk/.

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