The First Atomic Bomb Explosion

BuzzStarred Page By Buzz, 16th Aug 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3ibx2oip/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Science>Chemistry

Man is a curious rational animal and his curiosity led him to discoveries and inventions, including--why, dear Lord?--splitting the atom!

"E = mc2" = Albert Einstein, And Vice Versa

We can safely skip, for obvious reasons, the physicist's highly technical terms and descriptions of the equation E=mc2 attributed to and made famous by Dr. Albert Einstein except to say that the effect of that equation, among other things, has been shown, in not so many words, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

For a brief overview, Einstein was among Europeans, most of them Jewish, who fled to the United States during the rise of Nazism and the war. A peaceful man by nature, he witnessed, nonetheless, that Nazi scientists had been given huge budget increases to pursue the dream of acquiring a bomb of awesome power. He could not help therefore but write US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a series of impassioned letters, to convince him of the necessity of doing a similar research effort on the bomb, and quickly.

Which the president obliged.

The Manhattan Project

Roosevelt, though still struggling to rebuild the economy from the great depression, wasted no time in convening a meeting with his close military advisers and scientists. Enrico Fermi, an Italian scientist who also came to the United States from Mussolini's Italy, along with equally brilliant physicist Dr. Robert Oppenheimer, was among those put in charge and to oversee the operation in utmost secrecy. Finally, preliminaries including meticulous hard work and research had been made before they were able to split the atom--and, after further test, were now ready to harness its energy.

The first nuclear explosion in history took place in New Mexico, at the Alamogordo Test Range, on the Jornada del Muerto (Journey of Death) desert, in the test named Operation Trinity.

The bomb was called Fat Boy.

At 5:30 a.m. local time (Mountain War time) on July 16 1945, a ball of fire reaching 41 thousand feet, 12,000 feet higher, it is said, than the tallest mountain was witnessed, the largest, most powerful explosion ever made by man on Earth.

The Trinity Explosion 0.016 Seconds After Detonations

According to Wikipedia, "the device exploded with an energy equivalent to around 20 kilotons of TNT (90 TJ). It left a crater of radioactive glass in the desert 10 feet (3 m) deep and 1,100 feet (330 m) wide. At the time of detonation, the surrounding mountains were illuminated "brighter than daytime" for one to two seconds."

The Only Surviving Color Photograph Of The Trinity Explosion

The origin of the name Trinity is commonly thought to have been provided by Dr. Robert Oppenheimer. The theory is that Oppenheimer did select it with reference to the divine Hindu trinity of Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), and Shiva (the Destroyer). Oppenheimer had an avid interest in Sanskrit literature which he had taught himself to read.

Indeed, after that fearful explosion, he recited two verses from Sanskrit, the ancient language of India, thus:

"If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst into the sky, that would be the splendor of the mighty one." and,

"I am become Death, the shatterer of worlds."

And indeed he was right; he had become the shatterer of worlds!

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Reference:

The World's Greatest Secrets

Images courtesy of Wikipedia

Tags

Adolf Hitler, Albert Einstein, Atomic Bomb, Buzz, Enrico Fermi, Franklin D Roosevelt, Nazism, Nuclear Explosion, Nuclear Power, Robert Oppenheimer, The United States, Theory Of Relativity, World War 2, Writing

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Author is retired and a homebody and loves reading, writing, playing the piano and the guitar.

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Comments

author avatar Steve Kinsman
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Great article Buzz. We're still building them. I guess we'll not soon learn.

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks, Steve. It seems that building new versions of the bomb is a way nowadays of keeping up with the Joneses!

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Good history lesson.

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks very much, Mark, for moderating my page and giving it a star again.

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author avatar Carol Kinsman
17th Aug 2011 (#)

A terrible moment in human history when we created that bomb. Thank you for sharing that history with us, Buzz. Great job!

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Yes it was, Carol, and sad to know that the process of improving on it continues and is apparently irreversible. Thanks, dear friend.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Buzz an amazing article, thank you for this pivot point of history...I hope you will be doing a history series!

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks, Delicia, for the comment. We're living in a dangerous world, aren't we?

I might do just as you suggest, my friend. God Bless.

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author avatar Retired
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Amazing article indeed! Thanks for sharing and your research is great.

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks, rd, for the compliment. Much appreciated. Take care.

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author avatar Phoenix Montoya
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Well done on this historical write, kabayan and congratulations on your star :)

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thank you for the compliment, my dear friend.:) Hope to see some new pieces from you.

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author avatar Neha Dwivedi
17th Aug 2011 (#)

great share Buzz.....

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks cute geeta.

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author avatar Sheila Newton
17th Aug 2011 (#)

The whole idea of atomic bombs scares me stiff. you're right - we're living in such a dangerous world. Poor gentle Einstein will be tossing and turning in his grave.
Well-crafter article, sir.

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Oh, thank you my dear Sheila. But you should omit the "sir" my friend unless I'm knighted by the Queen of England..lol. Love all of you my friends.

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author avatar Rathnashikamani
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Wow, Buzz!
What a wonderful historical piece.
Great poetic finish!
you got a +1.

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Thanks so, so many, my great friend! God bless you!

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author avatar ppruel
17th Aug 2011 (#)

WoW! packed of facts. Well researched kabayan. Congrats for the star and accept my Hug! great...

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author avatar Buzz
17th Aug 2011 (#)

Hug accepted, Paul. Thanks.

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author avatar Songbird B
18th Aug 2011 (#)

Can I give you a hug too, Buzz? An excellent Star Page, what a talented writer you are...You gripped me from start to finish...\0/x

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author avatar Buzz
18th Aug 2011 (#)

Yes, sure my friend, I'll be very much honoured by your hug. Thank you for the compliment.

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author avatar Songbird B
18th Aug 2011 (#)

((((( HUG)))))\0/x

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author avatar Buzz
22nd Aug 2011 (#)

Hugs too to my friend.

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author avatar Bridgitte Williams
6th Nov 2011 (#)

Excellent article and photos!
:-)
Reminds me of the old Kingston Trio song...And one day, we will set a spark off...and we will all be blown away. :-)

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author avatar Buzz
6th Nov 2011 (#)

Thanks again, Bridgitte my friend.

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