The Rise of Dubai: a Tribute to the Maktoum Family.

M G Singh By M G Singh, 18th Oct 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2ks9mhdr/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>History

Dubai was a small fishing village which has now become a megapolis and world financial center. This is because of the pragmatic and liberal approach of the rulers. The rise of Dubai should be a lesson to other Muslim states.

The Beginning

The history of Dubai is not of a great empire or civilization. It is actually a story of a small fishing village with a population of a few thousand. The flourishing oil boom came only in the sixties and that really acted as a development mantra for the Dubai. In addition to fishing the locals of Dubai had other occupations like rearing of cattle, trading in ocean pearls as well as growing and cultivating dates.
The Rise of the Maktoum Family
An important point in the history of Dubai is 1830 when it was taken over by a branch of the Bani Yas tribe from the Liwa oasis. These tribe’s leaders were from the Maktoum family which are now entrenched as rulers in the city state. The major part of the Dubai emirate consists of rolling sand dunes. These sand dunes go right up to the Hajar Mountains in the east. Just about 2/3 decades back the sand dunes and desert were inhabited by nomadic Bedouin tribes. These tribes roamed from place to place but have now settled down near the few oasis in the desert or the city itself. It is a real transformation.

The Transformation

The Transformation Begins
However times changed fast and within a century Dubai became an essential port for trade. This was because of its favorable location on the east west route. The British soon took over this state because of its strategic importance, but they protected the development of Dubai as a trading centre. The twentieth century laid the seeds of liberalization when about 25% of the population was expats from Baluchistan, India, Persia, Kuwait, South Arabia and Bahrain.

Dubai gained independence from the British in 1971. This was and is a landmark date in Dubai history along with the discovery of oil in 1966 off the sea shelf. This discovery saw the rise of Dubai and the economy spiraled upwards as hospitals, schools, tourism and other provisions that characterize a developed society came to the fore.
He also allowed hotels of the first grade to come up, replete with bars.

The Visionary Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum


The former ruler of Dubai, H Sheikh Rashid bins Saeed Al Maktoum, had a visionary zeal and also laid the foundation of the greatest artificial harbor. This was opened after his death. The rulers of Dubai led by the present ruler Mohammed have used the oil revenues to set up a state that has become a world business center. His vision was far ahead. Seeing dwindling in oil reserves, he thought it fit to set up a world class centre for trade and leisure.

He spurred a construction boom that was unrivaled anywhere in the world. Giant projects like the world’s tallest building, luxury resorts spas and shopping malls , laid the foundation of a gigantic leap forward. In addition to fuel the progress the labor from other countries including the sub continent swarmed in and Dubai’s demographic composition changed with expats accounting for 85% of the population.

Last Word

The sheikhs also created a tax Free State with no taxes and this allowed off shore businesses to relocate to Dubai. It was almost like Cinderella’s world, almost magic. But sometimes too quick a progress can have its repercussions as can be seen by the defaults of loans by the Dubai.

There is a bail out from Abu Dhabi and the visionary rulers have Dubai back on world stage. To top it, this is a Muslim state that believes in the Sharia, yet who can say that Muslims cannot be progressive? One has only to see the Gurudwara and Church functioning to realize that Islam can embrace progress.

Tags

Al Maktoum Family, Development, Dubai, Oil And Dubai, Sharia And Dubai

Meet the author

author avatar M G Singh
A man who spent his early years in Air Force. An avid writer with over 6000 articles and 60 short stories published.Two novels on the anvil for publication.

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Comments

author avatar cnwriter..carolina
18th Oct 2013 (#)

how fascinating Madan...thank you...

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author avatar M G Singh
19th Oct 2013 (#)

Thank you Carolina

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author avatar S. C. Weeks
19th Oct 2013 (#)

Great article, but I preoccupied here "Dubai gained independence from the British in 1971." This is the year I was born.... Quite a good year....

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author avatar M G Singh
19th Oct 2013 (#)

Good you remember. Thanks for reading and commenting

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
19th Oct 2013 (#)

Beautiful post Madan capturing what made Dubai and how it has arrived on the modern stage despite the hiccup over few years ago. Dubai was able to harness the workers from many countries, including the sub-continent, for real progress. And they know which side of bread has butter, hence live in harmony. Dubai enforces discipline too unlike in their home countries. And they nip hatred in the bud, not used as a fuel to the fire like in the countries where these workers come from. These show what positive mind can achieve whereas religion is a tool to divide people in many countries and the poor are used as pawns by wily politicians where festival of democracy is supposed to be in full play - siva

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author avatar Ptrikha
25th Oct 2013 (#)

I met one of my relatives almost 21 years back, and he was settled, doing business in Dubai. Then, he had told me about the favorable, corruption-free environment for doing business in Dubai, something we have not been able to achieve (and looking unlikely ) in India.

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author avatar Ptrikha
25th Oct 2013 (#)

I met one of my relatives almost 21 years back, and he was settled, doing business in Dubai. Then, he had told me about the favorable, corruption-free environment for doing business in Dubai, something we have not been able to achieve (and looking unlikely ) in India.

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author avatar Randhir Bechoo
19th Oct 2013 (#)

Interesting article.Informative.You do cover a range of topics.Also thanks for your share on some personal experience you had in America well still in the air force.Also your share on the war planes was most interesting.

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author avatar M G Singh
26th Oct 2013 (#)

Thank you Randhir

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
23rd Oct 2013 (#)

Great post and interesting as well!

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author avatar M G Singh
26th Oct 2013 (#)

thank you Fern

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author avatar Ptrikha
25th Oct 2013 (#)

Dubai is one of the relatively moderate places in Middle-East, and is a preferred destination for Business and Migration there.

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author avatar M G Singh
26th Oct 2013 (#)

thanks Ptrikha

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