The Underwater Wonders
Deep-sea life observed for the sake of curiosity. But, when you know what the organisms are, what they do for a living, the depth and duration of your interest approach total fascination.
- The Inhabitants of The Sea
- Underwater Life
- Sea Cucumbers
- Sea Anemones
- Butterfly Fish
- Sea Urchins
- Underwater Wonders of Westernport Bay - Vid
The Inhabitants of The Sea
When once we have begun to look with curiosity at the strange things that ordinary people pass over without notice, our wonder is continually excited by the variety of phases. And often by different forms, under which some of the meaner creatures presented to us. And this is excelling others of its kind, the underwater wonders with the inhabitants of the sea.
The dark, concealed interior of the sea becomes thus invested with a fresh mystery. Its vast recesses appear with all imaginable forms. And we tempted to think there must multitudes of living creatures whose very fixture and structure have never yet been suspected.
Probably you are familiar with the animal life of the upper waters of the sea. Along the shores are other forms of sea life, the clams, oysters, crabs, lobsters, and shrimps we use for food. And also the worms, starfish, sea urchins, and sponges; the corals, the sea anemones. All of these, no matter what their form, are animals.
Many of the deep-sea animals resemble plants in their structure. They are wonderfully created, and gracefully colored. Their figures consist of lean, elegant 'stems' surmounted by objects. They look like a full blooming flower. These forms of life are not plants, but animals; for there is no many vegetation at all in the depths of the sea.
You can also find innumerable crustaceans and spider-like animal varieties. And awesome fish that apparently consist mostly of eyes and mouths. All of these creatures may say to live solely by eating one another. The food that falls to them from above in the form of carcasses of upper sea animals. Nature has further aided them in solving the problem of existence by providing them with highly elastic bodies..
This permits them often to swallow creatures almost of their own size. However, the most deep-sea creatures are sightless. At least pointed out by the specimens that have scooped up by researchers. They find their diet by the help of their antennae, or by some senses of feeling or smell. Here below you can find interesting information about some underwater wonders, the marine creatures.
Sea cucumbers are long and cylindrical in shape and exists at the bottom of the deep sea. The biologists currently are discovering that in the deep seas these kinds of creatures break all the regulations and go swimming high above the sea floor, and that there are more of them than they once believed. It is not like either a starfish or a sea urchin, it has neither raise nor a shell.
But it has a thick, tough skin. There are also muscular bands running all over the body, both cross ways and length ways. These help the sea cucumber to move in every direction. People prize this sea cucumbers as a gourmet treat.
However, they are not famous for their delicacy and they seldom look like a succulent cucumber. Some varieties, such as Pseudo Stichopus Atlanticus, are long and thin, but normally the tube feet and the sensory papillae are identical and ornament the surface of the body. For example, Benthogone rosea and Laetmogone violacea, walk over the sea floor with stumpy feet arranged along each side of the body.
They have rows of papillae on their backs. Though it has no shell, and no arms, it has suckers like starfish. In some species, the suckers are found over the body, and push themselves through a myriad of holes. In other species, they are found only in the middle of the underside of the body, and then the marine animal crawls along like a snail.
Sea Anemones is known by the early viewers as "Animal Flowers". However, the casual resemblance which these eye-catching varieties normally bear to a highly colorful flower with attractive petals. The name owes its likeness, rather than to any close resemblance to the vegetable structure.
It is an indubitable creature, and its figure is more complex than is normally expected. In most species the muscular framework of the body is beautifully distinct, and the tissue is readily solvable. The column is a cylinder of muscular tissue. There are two layers, the external made up of transverse, the interior of longitudinal, fibers.
Even if small part be cut from the body of the animals, each part soon becomes a total sea anemones! Sea Anemones feed upon sea snails, bivalves and all other little animals which they can capture. When a little animal comes within reach of their tentacles, these colors around it, aided by their many lassos, they firmly secure it; and then it is gradually swallowed.
The butterfly fishes are typical reef dwellers of tropical seas. They live in warm, shallow water in and around the coral reefs of the world. All are comparatively large fish, with deep flattened bodies. It's bright colors help to disguise them.
This may seem strange, but, in a coral reef there is varieties of colors, that being bright actually makes it easier to hide. They have spiny dorsal fins, which used in defense. But they are seldom really aggressive except with members of their species, with whom they squabble over territories.
Most of this species have a tiny beak-like mouth adapted to picking foodstuff out of the holes in coral and between stones. Some have a very special diet, grazing on particular types of coral polyps, and are very hard to feed in captivity. They also like to eat the tentacles off tiny sea worms.
Most butterfly fish are peaceful community requiring temperatures of about 81 degree Fahrenheit. Very small specimens are very delicate. However, they are active and very bold. They can only live with nicely chopped diets or small live foods. Butterfly fish have not been bred in captivity.
The amazing living pincushions, Sea Urchins are living in tropical sea water bodies. They are found on rocky beaches and reefs, not on a sandy shore. The sea urchins covered in a calcareous type of shell, which is normally round in shape or egg-shaped, but sometime flattened.
The prickly spines are often large in numbers. They cover and protect the shell. In one species as many as 2000 bristles have been found. These extensions totally cover and hide the calcareous tunic, which covers the creature. The black variety is the most dangerous.
Even the small ones, which you can easily take in your hand, can hurt you if you are careless. Most of the sea urchins are not venomous, however quill punctures are terrible and can become infected otherwise treated. In some part of the world, these are treated as a delicious food. The orange or yellow species are tasty when taken with lemon and salt.