Trade and commerce in the cities of Harappan culture

madugundurukmini By madugundurukmini, 3rd Sep 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
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Most of the houses were medium sized and comfortable to live in. A very large number of houses had their own wells.

Cotton was the most important item of export

Harappan cities were among the largest settlements of the chalcolithic period anywhere in the world. A unique feature of this civilization, which distinguished it from other civilizations of the period, was that all its cities were built according to a well designed plan. The cities were divided into two main sections, the citadel and the lower town. Buildings of political, administrative and religious importance were situated on the citadel which was a well fortified settlement situated at a higher level than the rest of the town.

Most of the houses were medium sized and comfortable to live in. A very large number of houses had their own wells. Floors of kitchens and bathrooms were paved with chiselled bricks. Important buildings found in the various towns of that civilization include the great bath and the assembly hall Mohenjo – daro, the Granaries at both Harappa and Mohenjo – daro and a dockyard at Lothal.

Harappan cities were bustling centres of industry, trade and commerce. Carpenters, metal-smiths, weavers, gold-smiths and jewellers produced goods of high quality which were in demand within as well as outside the Harappan territory. Government and municipal servants regulated and maintained municipal services, weight and measures and trade routes. Merchants carried on trade in cotton as well as finished goods within and outside the country. Bullock carts, pack animals, boats and sea – going ships were used to transport goods. Objects like pottery, stone beads and metal – ware originating in one region but found in other cities are evidence of extensive trade. Harappan type seals found at Bahrain and in Mesopotamian cities provide evidence of extensive overseas trade. Cotton was the most important item of export. Lapis lazuli was imported from Central Asia, gold from Karnataka and copper and possibly, also tin, from Mesopotamian. Seals were affixed by merchants to bales or parcels of their goods as trademarks or proofs of ownership.

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author avatar Ifra osman
9th Jun 2017 (#)

you have not mention anything about commerce so pls give some information of commerce you have already given the information of trade so kindly give information on commerce.

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