Understanding Mind and Brain, Psychologically

Ram Bansal By Ram Bansal, 17th Jun 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Science>Psychology

Mind and Brain are concerned, these are entirely different things existing in a person's body for their distinct purposes. Since, all the subsystems of a living organism are interrelated and interdependent, so are mind and brain of a person.

Why Distinction Exists

Mind and Brain of a person are often considered to be the same and these words are interchangeably used. I have developed a linguistic conviction that no two words have exactly identical meanings and each word represents a unique sense, else the word would not have evolved and sustained the test of time. Mind and Brain are concerned, these are entirely different things existing in a person's body for their distinct purposes. Since, all the subsystems of a living organism are interrelated and interdependent, so are mind and brain of a person.

Genesis of Confusion

When a person is passionate, circumstances within his/her body have an abrupt turmoil. The body, in the process to adapt to this turmoil, needs readjustment in blood circulation to different organs. This drastically and suddenly affects functioning of the blood pump called heart of the person. It needs to pump more blood into the blood vessels for which its frequency and amplitude of strokes increase, quickly and easily noticeable by the person him/herself. This makes the person to feel that the passion is a function of the heart while, in fact, the heart is merely affected by the passionate situation. Such impressions of people got accumulated forming a popular myth that it is the heart of a person that creates passions and handles them while the fact is something else.
Poets exaggerated this misconception through focusing their works for centuries on love as a function of heart without going into technicalities. It is like an ordinary fever being considered a disease while, in fact, it is merely a reflex of the body to an adverse situation inside the body. With this misconception getting popular acceptance, the real culprit involved in handling the passionate situation was not noticed and nobody cared to trace it out. The system in the body that really works in generating and handling a passionate situation is, in fact, the mind of the person quite distinct from his/her brain. So what is poetically said to be the heart of a person is really his/her mind.

Brain and its components

The brain of a person resides in his/her skull and is usually held at higher level than other parts of the body for safety, nutritional priority and superiority considerations. Its principal components include -
• Memory - Categorization, storage and retrieval of all the information emanating at experiential level of body organs.
• Control Centers - Controlling motions of body organs in the world external to the person's body. These controls are performed through close-loop servo-systems working in the body.
• Intellect - Analyzing and/or synthesizing experiential information for logical derivation of decisions and development of ideology of the person from them.

What is Mind

The mind of a person is not a unified entity but an accumulation of many subsystems each residing in and controlling functioning of a functional subsystem of the body like blood-circulation, digestion, breathing, blood filtering, etc. Thus, mind is distributed all over the body with some of its local control centers in various organs of the body known as 'chakras' in the spiritual world.
Each sub-mind works silently and autonomously to monitor and regulate working of its subsystem in the body, except for emergency situations arising in the subsystem when the mind refers the situation to brain for instructions on remedial measures. Thus, the whole neural system spread up to the cellular level in the body is communicative component of the mind of the person. For all of its functions, the mind is a subordinate to the brain with some delegation of authorities to work at local levels.

Levels of Mind's Functioning

Mind of a person functions at three levels - Subconscious, Conscious and Super-conscious.
Sub-conscious Functioning
Sub-conscious level of mind performs the following functions -
• Monitoring and regulating the body subsystems under normal situations, thus caring for the body to be just the normal and functioning.
• Dealing with physical habits of the person wherein the body organs seem to work autonomously without involvement of brain of the person.
• Automatic reflexes of the body parts to emergency situations when the mind does not think it fit to refer the matter to brain and wait for an instruction to act.
• Raising physical needs and desires of various body organs of the persons before the brain for further decisions and instructions.
Conscious Functioning
Consciousness is a function of the brain, therefore, all conscious actions of a person get initiated at brain level in the form of instructions and communicated to the mind to oversee their compliance by the respective body parts. Here again, the mind has some discretionary powers to modify the instructions before their implementations in accordance to physical situation known to mind better than the brain for obvious reason of the mind remaining in direct contact with the body organs and through them to the external world. Thus, in conscious actions, both the mind and brain of the person get actively involved.
Super-conscious functioning
It is where the fraudulent or misguided actions of persons are involved. In such functioning, a person, for some reasons of his/her own or circumstantial like being fraudulent, insane or misguided, assumes him/herself in a role different from his/her reality and conducts him/herself accordingly. All so-called Divine persons fall in this category of functioning. All out-of-the world experiences and miracles too fall under this category of mind's functioning. Most of the modern spiritual practices are also psychological games based on this type of mind's functioning.
In super-conscious functioning of the mind, the brain plays a dominant role in sending superfluous, misguided or fraudulent instructions to the mind for implementation. When the person is insane or misguided, it is considered to be a psychological disorder though he/she is not much different from those calling themselves with Divine attributes.
This differentiation of mind and brain also differentiates intellect and wisdom and also passions and emotions of a person.


Brain, Confusion, Conscious, Mind, Psychology, Sub-Conscious, Super-Conscious

Meet the author

author avatar Ram Bansal
An Engineer in the wonderland of Authorship, principally for authoring eBooks. My writings principally focus on psychology, Indian politics, philosophy, health and happiness in routine ways.

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author avatar Nancy Czerwinski
18th Jun 2015 (#)

Thanks for sharing your article. I found it very interesting.

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author avatar Ram Bansal
18th Jun 2015 (#)

Thanks Nancy for your interest in my work,

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author avatar brendamarie
19th Jun 2015 (#)

Ram Bansal, I find your article very interest and thought provoking.

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author avatar brendamarie
19th Jun 2015 (#)

correct me if I have misinterpret you article but you are saying that people who meditate are causing themselves to have psychological problems.

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author avatar Ram Bansal
19th Jun 2015 (#)

@brendamarie, yes, you are right. Meditation as a spiritual practice is destructive. But real meaning of meditation is concentrating mind on certain problem to solve that. That way, meditation works positively.

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author avatar brendamarie
19th Jun 2015 (#)

Thanks fore the clarification.

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11th Feb 2020 (#)

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