Vibrant Festivals of Tamil Nadu

sukkranStarred Page By sukkran, 3rd Mar 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Culture>Festivals

Festivals and celebrations are the part and parcel of the great cultural heritage of Tami Nadu. Here you can find festival celebrations for every reason and season.

Religious Basis of Tamil Festivals.

What exactly we call culture is about the generation of traditional knowledge - about turning weaker section of the society ties into stronger ones.

Communal rituals, places and events, such as festivals, celebrations, Temples, Mosques and Churches even the national games, facilitate people to build a significance of community.

All corners of the state of Tamil Nadu in India have been celebrating with traditional social festivities. Festivals like Pongal, Karthigai Deepam as well as a lot more represent the believe of the Tamil population.

This festival has also lent zest, variety, color and grandeur to day-to-day human life. Not a single Tamil Nadu festival, however, unimportant and simple, is without a religious basis or principle behind it.

Therefore, all the festivals and celebrations prevalent in Tamil Nadu are as sacred as religion itself and act as a great source of spiritual and moral enrichment. There are numerous temples are available in the country and more or less every temple has their own legend and festivity.

They can take a variety of forms intangible types of procedures of identity buildup just like Tamil nationalism, physical entities like temples, mosques and churches, and periodic ritual events such as festivals.

Photo credit: angelic_shrek Published under CC license

Tamil Customs and Tradition

Photo credit: Denish C Published under CC license.

These temple festivals occur corresponding to the months of Tamil timetable. The preponderance of the temple festivities occurs between September and November, also between March and June.

During these festivities, the God idols in the temple are embellished with colorful clothing and unique and valuable jewels. These celebrations are not only religious celebrations but also socializing landmarks, as well.

These festivals are a motivation for their life and an intelligent interest in Tamil customs and traditions. Such a motivation is the best means of preserving the spirit of Tamils and their values and thereby united prosperous and glorious.

They have come into part of life and celebrate with their relations, companions getting closer generally on such festival events. The ethnicity, of olden times and customs are much involved in Tamil Nadu, and everybody can be seen them during these festivals.

The modern tourist attraction for Tamil carnivals is the dance festivals like the Natyanjali Dance Festival. In this manner, festivals and other such shared and collective performances serve to build communal cohesion by strengthening relationships within a civilization.

Both symbolic and material interests matter in collective action, which spiritual rituals, village temples, are public institutions expressive of communal relations, well being, prestige and honor. These are not only traditional inputs as well as repositories of symbolic guides.

There are hundreds of festivals celebrated throughout Tamil Nadu, here you can find details about some important festivals.

Pongal Festival

Pongal Festival is a very important festival in Tamil Nadu. It is also a harvest festival and the celebration goes on for four consecutive days. During Pongal, Tamils take the opportunity to thank all supportive factors such as Sun God, Mother Earth and the bulls for a good harvest and pray for future success.

The Sun is very influential and helps in the growth of the paddy and other plants. So this festival is very significant for farmers and it is celebrated in a grand manner in the villages of Tamil Nadu.

Before this festival the houses are cleaned, and all maintenance jobs are done. During four-day festival, different varieties of Kolams (floor Decorations) are drawn in front of the houses early in the morning.

During Pongal they cook a meal called 'Pongal' which is made of rice, jaggery and milk. The content of the Pongal is they permit to boil over the pot which signifying prosperous. With ingredients provided by recently gathered harvest, community meals are held at many a places. There are many cultural events and sports are taken place in these days of the festival. Most important one is Jallikattu.

Jallikattu at Trichy - Vid

The Pongal festival is associated with Jallikattu (Bull taming), this sporting activity has been present for more than 2000 years.

As per legend, in good old times this bull fighting was used by ladies to decide their husbands. Victorious competitors were chosen as their grooms. More recently this sport became a show of bravery.

Karthigai Deepam Festival

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Karthikai Deepam is a festival of lights celebrated in Tamil Nadu on the full moon day of Karthigai (Tamil month), which is observed in every home and temple.

It is a nine day festival and on all days houses are decorated and illuminated with lights and lamps. This festival occurs on the day when the moon is in combination with the constellation Pleiades (Karthigai).

This constellation seems as a group of six stars and these six stars are considered in Indian mythology as the six celestial nymphs who reared the six babies from the Saravana tank which later were joined together to form the six faced Lord Muruga.

He is therefore called Lord Karthikeya, the one brought up by the Karthigai nymphs. Many legends and poetry have grown about these stars. The street and houses are lit up with rows of oil lamps (Deepam) in the evening of the festival days.

On particular days between these days, exquisite processions of many deities are taken out from temples. Temple town Thiruvannamalai is famous for Karthigai Deepam Festival.

Adi Perukku

The 18th day of Tamil month Aadi, which can be seen Tamil men and women from different walks of life performing customary rituals, it was primarily a day for newlyweds invited to the brides' home for delicious feasts and elaborate ceremonies.

Aadi Perukku festival is celebrated with fantastic zest and dedication. Particularly, the festival is celebrated with full enthusiasm by people living along the banks of river Cauvery.

In Tamil language ‘Perukku’ means 'increasing' – which pointing the rising of water in rivers. People praise and adore the river. This spiritual tradition has been followed from ancient times. The festival is actually considered as a nature worship.

Aadi Perukku Celebrations on Cauvery - Vid

It is by far considered a valuable and auspicious day for wedded women. A married woman celebrates this festival with enthusiasm and dedication, by following the rites and old rituals of the festival. She also prays for the long and healthy lifetime of her husband.

Lots of elderly women were seen accompanying the newly weds on Aadi 18th because it is auspicious to possess seniors bless a new couple during this day.

Madurai Chithirai Festival

Chithirai festival is celebrated during the month of April at the temple city Madurai, celebrates the marriage of Goddess Meenakshi to Lord Sundereswara. It is one of the biggest celebration in South India.

It attracts huge crowds, thousands of devotees from across the country attend the festival to take part in the processions.One of the great events of the festival is this procession.

On the occasion, an exclusively decorated chariot bearing the idols of the holy couple is taken around the city. The charming sounds of the Nadhaswaram and the Thavil (drums), produces a vibrant atmosphere.

Chithirai Festival - Vid

This festival is a great chance to experience a local Tamil way of life, and observe a traditional Hindu marriage ceremony. The festivity extends throughout the city, and the streets are crowded with devotees.

Chennai Music Festival

Photo credit: f.xavier.serra Published under CC license

Chennai music and dance festival is famous for Classical Music and South Indian Dances. The festivity held during the Tamil month of Margazhi (mid December to mid January) in Chennai, the capital city of capital city of Tamil Nadu.

The celebrations are held at various venues around the city by a number of 'sabhas' or associations. Besides the halls, popular temple premises and heritage bungalows are being used as venues.

The month long dance and music festival will have presentations of famous artists from various parts of India.

The 'Margazhi festival of dance and music' was commenced early back in 1927, to celebrate the anniversary of Madras Music Academy and continued every year, was later accepted by various organizations which held art festivals in separate parts of the city.

The Tamil month of 'Margazhi' is a holy month for the Hindus. South Indian classical music (Carnatic Music), which has its origins in the temples of Tamil Nadu and devotion to the Hindu Gods and Goddesses. It has been a customary form of worship from time immemorial.

Carnatic Music- Vid

More Interesting Pages About Tamil Nadu:


Chennai, Dance Festival, Festival, India, Madurai, Music Festivals, Pongal, South India, Sukkran, Tamil, Tamil Nadu

Meet the author

author avatar sukkran
I am sukkran aka sukkran trichy, from Trichy, India. I am an online writer, blogger, writing for many publishing platforms.

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
4th Mar 2014 (#)

Very interesting and excellent read as well!

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author avatar sukkran
5th Mar 2014 (#)

thanks fern. appreciate your comment.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
4th Mar 2014 (#)

All amazing sukkran....many thanks!

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author avatar sukkran
5th Mar 2014 (#)

glad to know you like this page. thanks delicia

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author avatar Sebastian Holder
5th Mar 2014 (#)

looking forward to visit the place some day. Nice piece

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author avatar sukkran
5th Mar 2014 (#)

always welcome to tamil nadu. i hope you will enjoy the cultural beauties of my homeland.

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