Ways To Optimize Windows Vista

Deepak Tiwari By Deepak Tiwari, 25th Jun 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Technology>Computer Hardware

In order to optimize the computer running Microsoft Windows Vista, please follow the instructions below. Checks at each stage, in order to identify the root cause of the problem.

Ways To Optimize Windows Vista

To optimize computers running Microsoft Windows Vista, follow the instructions below. Check at each stage to identify the root cause of the problem.
Verify System Requirements (Compare Vendor Requirements/Available)
1.Operating System, Service Pack/Updates (My Computer>Properties)
2.Memory Usage (Core OS) (Task Manager > Performance Tab)
Understand The Application Environment
1.Types of Applications (Productivity, Multimedia, etc.)
2.Application Specific Requirements
3.Number of applications running simultaneously (Task Manager > Processes Tab)
4.Number of Concurrent Users (Multi-user, Fast User Switching)

*Procedure To Optimize*

Step 1.Reduce Startup Items
It is advisable to reduce Unwanted programs / services running at startup (Background). You may use the built-in System Configuration Utility (MSCONFIG) to reduce / disable startup items.
Note: After this procedure, all your startup items will be disable after computer restarts. Do NOT panic if your Anti-virus gets disabled or if you lose Internet / Wi-Fi connectivity. This procedure is reversible.
1.Click Start > Run
2.Type "MSCONFIG", click OK
3. Select "Startup" Tab
Note: Programs listed here are created as entries when you install 3rd party applications, usually for (not limited to):
1.Automatically updating the program by checking for updates when the computer is turned on
2.Protecting computers since startup (applicable for anti-virus software)
3.Providing shortcuts to launch programs
4.Synchronizing contacts or data over a network
5.Automatic sign-on (online messengers), etc.
For example, if you don't need a shortcut for a program to start when computer starts, you may disable the program here.
1.Click "Disable All"
2.Select "Services" Tab
3.Check "Hide all Microsoft Services"
4.Click "Disable All"
5.Click OK
6.Click Restart
After the computer restarts, observe the time taken / delay to measure if there is any difference. If you observe a decent performance, it is evident that there might have been programs consuming system resources during system startup. You need to further investigate the program(s) that takes up the resources and check if you really need it!

Step 2.Retain Only The Programs Required During Startup (Optional)
You may enable the items that are required to load at the startup, such as the Anti-virus software, Wireless Configuration Utility, etc. if required.
1.Click Start > Run
2.Type "MSCONFIG", click OK
3.Select "Startup" Tab
Check the executable that needs to load at the startup. If you are not sure of the executable, use Process Library (3rd Party Website) to learn about the executable.

Step 3.Anti-Virus Status
1.It is recommend to perform a full computer scan to check for any viruses or malware that may be slowing down the computer.
2.If you experience any specific programs to be slow (while in the absence of a virus / malware), you may add the program to the exception list of the anti-virus program. Please refer to the anti-virus help / product manual.

Step 4.Compressed Drive (OS Partition)
Compression is a feature of Microsoft Windows that helps you to save disk space. However, it is recommended to compress only data and NOT the partition that contains the operating system itself.
1.Launch Windows Explorer
2.Right-click the partition that has the operating system installed. For example, C:. Select Properties
If the drive is compressed (if "Compress drive to save disk space" is checked), it is highly recommended that you stop troubleshooting further. Please take a backup of the data BEFORE decompressing the partition. It may take several hours to decompress and you may run into disk space and other critical problems!!!. Also, certain programs may not function properly (and the operating system itself) and may require a re-install.

Step 5.Disk Errors / Corrupted File System / Bad Sectors
Check if the disk and file system status is Ok by running the built-in disk utility, CHKDSK.
1.Click Start Menu, select Command Prompt and click Run as Administrator.
2.Type "CHKDSK" and press Enter
Note: This may take several minutes as it has to scan the entire partition.
If this tool displays any error messages, then run the CHDSK in "Fix" mode.
1.Type "CHKDSK /F" and press Enter
If you have bad sectors (possible on older hard disk drives or on hard disks that have heavy usage), it is HIGHLY recommended that you stop troubleshooting and focus on taking a backup FIRST. You may run CHKDSK to verify if there are bad sectors; However, CHKDSK will NOT fix bad sectors (it only fixes file system).

Step 6.Fragmented Hard Disk/Available Disk Space
Check for fragmentation of files by using the built-in defrag tool. Defrag may take a very long time, and is recommended to perform a defrag overnight. Also, close all programs to avoid any possible interference (preferably, do this after a clean boot).
1.Click Start Menu, select Command Prompt and click Run as Administrator.
2.Type "DEFRAG C:" and press Enter

Step 7.Clear Temporary Files
Temporary files are leftovers occupying valuable disk space. You may use the Disk Cleanup tool to remove such files.
1.Click Start > Run
2.Type "CLEANMGR", select C:
3.Click OK
Select the items from this list and Click OK to remove.

Step 8.Uninstall Unwanted Programs (Applications, Toolbars, Etc.)
1.Use Add / Remove Programs to remove unused and/or unwanted software
2.To remove add-on's or plugins or extensions, remove through web browser if program is NOT listed in add/remove programs
3.Use a 3rd party program to clean up (If required), example: CCleaner

Tips To Improve Performance
If your computer (Microsoft Windows) is running slow, try the items below instead of using any 3rd party programs such as "Optimizers", "Registry Cleaners", etc.
1.Run fewer programs simultaneously on computers having limited resources
2.Add more RAM (Refer product manual to confirm if you can upgrade RAM)
3.Run only a single anti-virus program and keep it up to date
4.Run Windows Update to keep the Operating System up to date
5.Check for any viruses/malware, scan your computer periodically using updated Anti-virus software
6. Defrag periodically

Thanks For Reading!!!


Guides, Optimize, Vista Optimization, Windows Vista

Meet the author

author avatar Deepak Tiwari
Hi, My name is Deepak. I love to write since it allows me to express my feelings and thoughts. I am enjoying writing here on Wikinut. I also write articles on more writing sites.

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author avatar Ptrikha
19th Aug 2014 (#)

While not many people might be using Vista, this could be important and useful for the few doing so.

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