What is Internet Protocol?

Elly By Elly, 21st Apr 2016 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3ck99cal/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Technology>Computer Hardware

The IP (which is the common acronym for the Internet Protocol) represents the protocol or the method which serves to convey data on the Internet from one PC to another.

What is the best definition of the IP?

Namely, every single computer (which is also called the host) which is linked with the Internet possesses no less than one Internet Protocol address which distinguishes it from all the other PCs which are also linked to the Internet. Furthermore, when data is conveyed or received (like for instance, a Web page of an e-mail), that very message becomes separated into small chunks named packets. Thus, every packet includes both the Internet address of the receiver as well as that of the sender. Also, every packet is first forwarded to a gateway computer which can recognize a minute fraction of the Internet. Following that, the gateway computer interprets the so called destination address and then it advances the packet onto what is called an adjacent gateway which then reads the address called destination and so on in the Internet until the moment when a gateway identifies the packet and considers that it belongs to a computer in its close domain or neighborhood. After that, the gateway will forward the packet straight on to the specified address of the computer.

So the Internet Protocol does what exactly?

Due to the fact that a message is separated into packets, it can be said that every packet is able, if this should be needed, to be conveyed by way of a different pathway on the Internet. In fact, the packets can be delivered in a dissimilar order compared to the one they were conveyed in. In fact, it can be said that the Internet Protocol merely conveys the messages. It is another protocol, called the TCP (or Transmission Control Protocol) which puts them right back in the proper order.

All in all, the IP is a connectionless or linkless protocol, meaning that there is no enduring link connecting the end points which are entering into communication. Every packet which is traveling throughout the Internet is considered an autonomous piece of data which has no connection to any other piece of data. As a matter of fact, the packets are ultimately arranged in a proper order due to TCP, which, as has been mentioned, is a protocol which is orientated towards connecting and which keeps trace of the sequence of a packet sequence within a certain message.

Which is the version that is used most often at present?

The most commonly utilized IP version at present is IPv4, which is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol. On the other hand, IPv6 (which is the sixth version) is starting to gain support. This version of the IP makes available addresses which are significantly longer, which in turn renders the possibility of having a greater number of users of the Internet. The latest version, IPv6, also includes the capacity of Version 4, which means that any server which is able to support Version 6 packets is also able to support the Version 4 packets.

What is the difference between an IP address and machine address, in brief?

As we mentioned, an IP address is one with a 32-bit number which can identify receivers of senders or information which is sent in the form of packets on the Internet. IP addresses have 2 parts: there is an identifier of a certain Internet network as well as a device identifier (a work station or a server) on the network.

On the other hand, a ‘machine address’ is also called the ‘host address’ or the ‘host number.’ Thus, within the 2 sections of the Internet Provider, the network identifier is actually the ‘network number’ but on the other hand, the device identifier is the ‘host number’ or the ‘machine address’.

In summing up the main distinction between a machine address and an IP address, we can say the following: the address known as a machine address is said to be merely one segment of the Internet Protocol address which can identify the position of a certain machine, while the Internet Protocol address includes the numbers that can identify both a network and a computer machine.


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author avatar Elly
Hi , My name is Elly and I am is passionate about technology, internet marketing and I am writer who writes on computer technology questions like router settings, computer security, ip address and ma

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